Study of high glucose-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells: Role of bax protein

Sharifi, A.M. and Mousavi, S.H. and Farhadi, M. and Larijani, B. (2007) Study of high glucose-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells: Role of bax protein. Journal of Pharmacological Sciences, 104 (3). pp. 258-262.

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Abstract

Hyperglycemia, which occurs under the diabetic condition, induces serious diabetic complications. Diabetic neuropathies, affecting the autonomic, sensory, and motor peripheral nervous system, are among the most frequent complications of diabetes. Little is known about the direct toxic effect of high glucose concentrations on neuronal cells. Therefore in the present study, glucose-induced toxicity was studied in PC12 cells as an in vitro cellular model for diabetic neuropathy using the MTT assay. The possible role of apoptosis was also investigated in this toxicity. The result showed that a 3-fold increase in optimum glucose concentration for PC12 cells (13.5 mg/ml) significantly reduced cell viability after 48 h. In Western blot analysis, the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression in cells treated with high glucose was significantly increased compared to controls. Additionally high glucose could induce a DNA ladder pattern in PC12 cells, a hallmark of apoptosis indicating nuclear fragmentation. From our present results, it may be concluded that high glucose can cause PC12 cell death, in which apoptosis plays an important role possibly by the mitochondrial pathway through higher expression of Bax proapoptotic protein. ©2007 The Japanese Pharmacological Society.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 42
Uncontrolled Keywords: glucose; protein Bax; protein bcl 2, animal cell; animal model; apoptosis; article; cell nucleus; cell strain; cell viability; concentration (parameters); controlled study; diabetic neuropathy; experimental model; mitochondrion; neurotoxicity; nonhuman; protein expression; protein function; rat; Western blotting, Animals; Apoptosis; bcl-2-Associated X Protein; Blotting, Western; Cell Survival; DNA Fragmentation; DNA, Neoplasm; Glucose; PC12 Cells; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; Rats; Tetrazolium Salts; Thiazoles
Subjects: QV Pharmacology
Divisions: School of Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: parto mrs bakhtminoo
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2019 09:08
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2019 09:08
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/10716

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