Analyses of the essential oil from Bunium persicum fruit and its antioxidant constituents

Nickavar, B. and Adeli, A. and Nickavar, A. (2014) Analyses of the essential oil from Bunium persicum fruit and its antioxidant constituents. Journal of Oleo Science, 63 (7). pp. 741-746. ISSN 13458957

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Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze and identify the antioxidant constituents of the essential oil of Bunium persicum (Apiaceae) fruit. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyses by GCFID and GC-MS. The essential oil was tested for antioxidant capacity in DPPH radical scavenging and linoleic acid/β-carotene assays. The TLC-bioautography method based on DPPH radical assay and GC analyses were carried out to characterize the major antioxidant compounds in the essential oil. GC analyses showed the presence of sixteen compounds with p-cymene (31.1%), cuminaldehyde (22.2%), and γ-terpinene (11.4%) as the main components in the essential oil. The oil exhibited good radical scavenging [IC50 (DPPH·) = 4.47 (3.96 - 5.05) mg/mL] and antilipid peroxidation [IC50 (β-carotene bleaching) = 0.22 (0.16 - 0.31) mg/mL] activities. The TLC tests resulted in identification of cuminaldehyde, p-cymene-7-ol, and cuminyl acetate as the main constituents of the active oil fraction. © 2014 by Japan Oil Chemists' Society.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidants; Assays; Fruits, Anti-oxidant activities; Antioxidant capacity; Antioxidant compounds; Bunium persicum; Chemical compositions; Hydrodistillations; Oil fractions; Radical scavenging, Essential oils, 4-cymene; antioxidant; benzaldehyde derivative; cuminaldehyde; essential oil; gamma-terpinene; scavenger; terpene, Apiaceae; chemical phenomena; chemistry; drug effects; fruit; isolation and purification; lipid peroxidation; mass fragmentography, Antioxidants; Apiaceae; Benzaldehydes; Depression, Chemical; Free Radical Scavengers; Fruit; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Lipid Peroxidation; Monoterpenes; Oils, Volatile
Subjects: QV Pharmacology
Depositing User: Ms Roya Vesal Azad
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2019 07:35
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2019 07:35
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11273

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