The Correlation Between Prolonged Corrected QT Interval with the Frequency of Respiratory Arrest, Endotracheal Intubation, and Mortality in Acute Methadone Overdose

Farsi, D. and Mirafzal, A. and Hassanian-Moghaddam, H. and Azizi, Z. and Jamshidnejad, N. and Zehtabchi, S. (2014) The Correlation Between Prolonged Corrected QT Interval with the Frequency of Respiratory Arrest, Endotracheal Intubation, and Mortality in Acute Methadone Overdose. Cardiovascular Toxicology, 14 (4). pp. 358-367.

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Abstract

Corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation is long considered as a predisposing factor for the occurrence of torsade de pointes (TdP) and sudden cardiac arrest in methadone maintenance treatment. We aimed to elucidate the correlation between QTc prolongation and in-hospital death, respiratory arrest, and endotracheal intubation in acute methadone-intoxicated patients presenting to the emergency department and to assess the value of QTc in predicting these outcomes. A prospective cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of patients with acute methadone overdose was done. Participants were 152 patients aged 15–65 with negative urinary dipstick test for cyclic antidepressants, no history of other QTc-prolonging conditions and co-ingestions, no severe comorbidities affecting the outcomes, and positive urinary dipstick results for methadone. QTc intervals were measured and calculated in triage-time electrocardiogram (ECG). Death was correlated with QTc (P = 0.014) and length of ICU admission (P < 0.001). In multivariable analysis, death was independently associated only with length of ICU admission [odds ratio (OR) 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) 1.36 (1.14–1.61)]. Intubation and respiratory arrest were independently associated with QTc interval [OR (95 % CI) 1.03 (1.02–1.04) and 1.02 (1.01–1.03), respectively]. The receiver operating characteristics curves drawn to show the ability of QTc to predict death, intubation, and respiratory arrest showed thresholds of 470, 447.5, and 450 ms with sensitivity (95 % CI) and specificity (95 % CI) of 87.5 (47.3–99.7), 86.8 (74.7–94.5), and 77.3 (62.2–88.5), respectively. Our study showed that QTc is a potential predictor for adverse outcomes related to acute methadone intoxication. The correlations shown in this study between triage-time QTc and in-hospital respiratory arrest or intubation in methadone overdose may be of clinical value, whether these outcomes are hypothesized to be a reflection of background TdP or intoxication severity. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 11
Uncontrolled Keywords: methadone, adolescent; adult; aged; breathing; complication; cross-sectional study; drug effects; drug overdose; electrocardiography; endotracheal intubation; female; human; long QT syndrome; male; middle aged; mortality; Torsades de Pointes; urine; young adult, Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Cross-Sectional Studies; Drug Overdose; Electrocardiography; Female; Humans; Intubation, Intratracheal; Long QT Syndrome; Male; Methadone; Middle Aged; Respiration; Torsades de Pointes; Young Adult
Subjects: QV Pharmacology
Depositing User: Ms Roya Vesal Azad
Date Deposited: 04 May 2019 05:17
Last Modified: 04 May 2019 05:17
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/11780

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