Plasma ammonia levels in newborns with asphyxia

Khalessi, N. and Khosravi, N. and Mirjafari, M. and Afsharkhas, L. (2016) Plasma ammonia levels in newborns with asphyxia. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology, 10 (1). pp. 42-46.

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Objective Perinatal asphyxia may result in hypoxic damage in various body organs, especially in the central nervous system. It could induce cascade of biochemical events leading to the cell death and metabolic changes, eventually may increase plasma ammonia levels. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of hyperammonemia in neonates with asphyxia and to find the relationship between ammonia levels and severity of asphyxia. Material & Methods In this cross-sectional study, we included 100 neonates with perinatal asphyxia in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Ali-Asghar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran in 2010-2011. All full term patients diagnosed of asphyxia were enrolled. The relationship between plasma ammonia levels and sex, gestational age, birth weight and severity of asphyxia were determined. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results Fifty six percent of neonates were male. The mean gestational age was 38.0± 1.2 wk. Mean plasma ammonia level was 222 ± 100 μg/dl and 20 of the neonates had hyperammonemia. It was not associated with gender, gestational age, birth weight, and asphyxia severity. Six patients died and mean plasma ammonia levels was 206±122 μg/dl. In this group, there was no significant relation between plasma ammonia levels and severity of asphyxia. No significant different was seen between plasma ammonia in dead and lived neonates. Conclusion According to high prevalence of hyperammonemia in neonatal asphyxia, measurement of plasma ammonia levels, is suggested to improve management of asphyxia. © 2016, Iranian Child Neurology Society. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems
WS Pediatrics
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 04:49
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2019 07:02

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