Biphasic response to luteolin in MG-63 osteoblast-like cells under high glucose-induced oxidative stress

Abbasi, N. and Khosravi, A. and Aidy, A. and Shafiei, M. (2016) Biphasic response to luteolin in MG-63 osteoblast-like cells under high glucose-induced oxidative stress. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, 41 (2). pp. 118-125.

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Abstract

Background: Clinical evidence indicates the diabetes-induced impairment of osteogenesis caused by a decrease in osteoblast activity. Flavonoids can increase the differentiation and mineralization of osteoblasts in a high-glucose state. However, some flavonoids such as luteolin may have the potential to induce cytotoxicity in osteoblast-like cells. This study was performed to investigate whether a cytoprotective concentration range of luteolin could be separated from a cytotoxic concentration range in human MG-63 osteoblast-like cells in high-glucose condition. Methods: Cells were cultured in a normal-or high-glucose medium. Cell viability was determined with the MTT assay. The formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was measured using probe 2�,7�-dichlorofluorescein diacetate, and osteogenic differentiation was evaluated with an alkaline phosphatase bioassay. Results: ROS generation, reduction in alkaline phosphatase activity, and cell death induced by high glucose were inhibited by lower concentrations of luteolin (EC50, 1.29±0.23 µM). Oxidative stress mediated by high glucose was also overcome by N-acetyl-L-cysteine. At high concentrations, luteolin caused osteoblast cell death in normal-and high-glucose states (IC50, 34±2.33 and 27±2.42 µM, respectively), as represented by increased ROS and decreased alkaline phosphatase activity. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the cytoprotective action of luteolin in glucotoxic condition was manifested in much lower concentrations, by a factor of approximately 26 and 20, than was its cytotoxic activity, which occurred under normal or glucotoxic condition, respectively. © 2016, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WK Endocrine System
QV Pharmacology
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 05:27
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4178

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