Development of micellar electro kinetic chromatography for the separation and quantitation of L-valine, L-leucine, L-isoleucin and L-phenylalanine in human plasma and comparison with HPLC

Darvish, M. and Ebrahimi, S.A. and Ghadam, P. (2007) Development of micellar electro kinetic chromatography for the separation and quantitation of L-valine, L-leucine, L-isoleucin and L-phenylalanine in human plasma and comparison with HPLC. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10 (15). pp. 2436-2441.

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Abstract

Phenylketonuria (PKU) and Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) are two inborn metabolic diseases which are carried by autosomal recessive genes in man. These genetic errors result in accumulation of phenylalanine (in PKU) or valine, leucine and isoluecin (in MSUD). At high concentrations, amongst other problems, these amino acids cause mental retardation. However if detected early after birth, using special diets and other forms of therapy, mental abnormalities can be prevented. As a result in many countries screening of infants for MSUD and PKU, by measuring plasma amino acids has become a routine neonatal test. Capillary Electrophoresis (CE) assays have a number of advantages over the traditional chromatography techniques (such as GC or HPLC). These include low cost, high speed of analysis and high resolution. These characteristics, make CE an ideal method for the screening of inborn errors of metabolism. We developed a CE assay based on pre-column derivatisation of amino acids with phenylisothiocyanate. This conjugate has strong absorbance at 254 nm. CE was carried out using a Spectraphoresis 1000 instrument, fitted with 40 cm of a 25 μm capillary, at 17°C. A running voltage of 18KV was used to separate the amino acid mixture in an electrophoretic buffer containing 45 mM imidazole, 6 mM borate and 208 mM SDS, fixed at pH 9 with 2-N-morpholino ethane sulfonic acid. The assay was calibrated using various concentrations of amino acid standards. LOD, LOQ, recovery, inter-day and intra-day variations of the assay were determined. Also, levels of the 4 amino acids in normal and abnormal plasma were determined and compared with HPLC. © 2007 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Uncontrolled Keywords: isoleucine; leucine; phenylalanine; valine, article; blood; chemistry; evaluation; genetics; high performance liquid chromatography; human; maple syrup urine disease; methodology; micellar electrokinetic chromatography; phenylketonuria; plasma; reproducibility, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Capillary; Humans; Isoleucine; Leucine; Maple Syrup Urine Disease; Phenylalanine; Phenylketonurias; Plasma; Reproducibility of Results; Valine, Acer
Depositing User: EPrints System Admin
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 10:13
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 10:13
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/53

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