Iron-silver oxide nanoadsorbent synthesized by co-precipitation process for fluoride removal from aqueous solution and its adsorption mechanism

Azari, A. and Kalantary, R.R. and Ghanizadeh, G. and Kakavandi, B. and Farzadkia, M. and Ahmadi, E. (2015) Iron-silver oxide nanoadsorbent synthesized by co-precipitation process for fluoride removal from aqueous solution and its adsorption mechanism. RSC Advances, 5 (106). pp. 87377-87391.

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Abstract

Fe-Ag magnetic binary oxide nanoparticles (Fe-Ag MBON) are prepared with co-precipitation of ferric and ferrous chloride solutions, and used for the adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution. The surface morphology of the adsorbent was characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XPS, EDX, BET, DLS and VSM techniques. Batch method was followed to optimize the conditions for the removal of fluoride. The results showed maximum removal occurred at pH 3.0 and adsorption equilibrium was achieved within 20 min. Chemical kinetics of the adsorption were well fitted by pseudo-second order models (R2 > 0.968) and the adsorption process followed the Langmuir isotherm model well (R2 > 0.976). The fluoride adsorption capacity of Fe-Ag MBON was 22.883 mg g-1, and decreased with increasing the temperature. Thermodynamic values revealed that the fluoride adsorption process was spontaneous and exothermic. Regeneration experiments were carried out for six cycles and the results indicate a removal efficiency loss of <22. © 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 18
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2018 07:16
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2018 07:16
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5643

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