Major anxiety disorders in Iran: Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and service utilization

Hajebi, A. and Motevalian, S.A. and Rahimi-Movaghar, A. and Sharifi, V. and Amin-Esmaeili, M. and Radgoodarzi, R. and Hefazi, M. (2018) Major anxiety disorders in Iran: Prevalence, sociodemographic correlates and service utilization. BMC Psychiatry, 18 (1).

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Abstract

Background: It has been shown in the past two decades that anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in general population across the world. This study sought to assess the prevalence of major anxiety disorders, their sociodemographic correlates and mental health service utilization as part of the Iranian Mental Health Survey (IranMHS). Methods: A national household face-to-face survey was carried out on a representative sample of Iranian adults from January to June 2011 using Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 2.1). A total of 7886 subjects between 15 and 64years who can understand Persian language were included. The 12-month prevalence of anxiety disorders according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), their socio-demographic correlates, health service use and days out of role were measured in this study. Results: The 12-month prevalence of anxiety disorders (not including specific phobias) was 15.6. The prevalence was 12.0 in males and 19.4 in females. The three most prevalent anxiety disorders were generalized anxiety disorder (5.2), obsessive-compulsive disorder (5.1) and social phobia (3.2), respectively. Factors found to be significantly associated with anxiety disorders were: female gender (OR=1.16, 95 CI: 1.09-1.23), middle (OR=1.23, 95CI: 1.01-1.50) or low (OR=1.66, 95CI: 1.31-2.10) socioeconomic status, unemployment (OR=1.98, 95CI: 1.49-2.62), and urban residence (OR=1.31, 95CI: 1.10-1.57). Comorbidity with non-anxiety disorders significantly increased service utilization. In all subgroups, service utilization was higher among females while the number of days out of role was higher among males. Conclusions: Anxiety disorders are common conditions with a higher prevalence among the female gender, unemployed individuals, and people with low socioeconomic conditions living in urban areas. Comorbidity of anxiety disorders with other psychological disorders aggravates the disability and significantly increases the number of days out of role. © 2018 The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 05:46
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6297

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