FLT3-ITD compared with DNMT3A R882 mutation is a more powerful independent inferior prognostic factor in adult acute myeloid leukemia patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A retrospective cohort study Allojenik hematopoetik kök hücre nakli sonrası yeti�kin akut myeloid lösemi hastalarında, FLT3-ITD, DNMT3A R882 mutasyonu ile kar�ıla�tırıldı�ında daha güçlü bir ba�ımsız kötü prognostik faktördür: Retrospektif kohort çalı�ması

Ardestani, M.T. and Kazemi, A. and Chahardouli, B. and Mohammadi, S. and Nikbakht, M. and Rostami, S. and Jalili, M. and Vaezi, M. and Alimoghaddam, K. and Ghavamzadeh, A. (2018) FLT3-ITD compared with DNMT3A R882 mutation is a more powerful independent inferior prognostic factor in adult acute myeloid leukemia patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A retrospective cohort study Allojenik hematopoetik kök hücre nakli sonrası yeti�kin akut myeloid lösemi hastalarında, FLT3-ITD, DNMT3A R882 mutasyonu ile kar�ıla�tırıldı�ında daha güçlü bir ba�ımsız kötü prognostik faktördür: Retrospektif kohort çalı�ması. Turkish Journal of Hematology, 35 (3). pp. 158-167.

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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate DNMT3A exon 23 mutations and their prognostic impacts in the presence of NPM1 and FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Materials and Methods: This study comprised 128 adult AML patients referred to the Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research Center of Shariati Hospital. NPM1 and FLT3-ITD mutations were detected by fragment analysis. For DNMT3A exon 23 mutation analysis, we used Sanger sequencing. Overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test was used to calculate differences between groups. Results: The prevalence of DNMT3A exon 23 mutations was 15.6 and hotspot region R882 mutations were prominent. RFS and OS were compared in patients with and without DNMT3A exon 23 mutations using univariate analysis and there was no significant difference between these groups of patients. On the contrary, the FLT3-ITD mutation significantly reduced the OS (p=0.009) and RFS (p=0.006) in AML patients after allogeneic HSCT. In the next step, patients with AML were divided into four groups regarding FLT3-ITD and DNMT3A mutations. Patients with DNMT3A R882mut/FLT3-ITDpos had the worst OS and RFS. These results indicate that DNMT3A mutations alone do not affect the clinical outcomes of AML patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT, but when accompanied by FLT3-ITD mutations, the OS was significantly reduced (5-year OS 0 for DNMT3A R882mut/ FLT3-ITDpos patients vs. 62 DNMT3A R882wt/FLT3-ITDneg, p=0.025) and the relapse rate increased. Conclusion: It can be deduced that DNMT3A R882mut/FLT3-ITDpos is an unfavorable prognostic factor in AML patients even after allogeneic HSCT. © 2018 by Turkish Society of Hematology.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2018 13:11
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7159

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