Molecular detection of simultaneous occurrence of antibiotic- and heavy metal-resistance in Klebsiella Pneumoniae isolated from urinary tract infection

Pirouzi, A. and Jafari, M. and Kargar, M. and Mohsenzadeh, M. and Feizabadi, M.M. and Afkari, R. (2012) Molecular detection of simultaneous occurrence of antibiotic- and heavy metal-resistance in Klebsiella Pneumoniae isolated from urinary tract infection. Journal of Isfahan Medical School, 30 (186).

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Abstract

Background: Microorganisms resistant to both antibiotics and metals have been isolated from nosocomial and urinary tract infection. Most heavy metal-resistant hospital infections including Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) harbor plasmids with different molecular sizes. The aim of this study was the molecular detection of simultaneous occurrence of antibiotic and heavy metal resistance in Klebsiella isolated from urinary tract infection (UTI). Methods: Overall, 144 K. pneumonia strains were isolated from UTI samples in the laboratories of hospitals and clinics. Primary selection of β-lactam-resistant strains was conducted using combined disk and double-disk (DD) synergy methods according to the guidelines of Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was also performed to detect TEM-1 and SHV-1 genes in resistant strains. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the heavy metals were determined for Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, and Cd2+. Findings: Among the 61.81 antibiotic-resistant strains, 42.69 were β-lactamase producers. After performing PCR, from 38 positive extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) strains, 28.94 of Klebsiella strains harbored SHV gene and; harbored TEM gene. The highest resistance was to Hg2+ (35 mg/L), Cu2+ (650 mg/L), Pb2+ (350 mg/L), and Cd2+ (200 mg/L). A significant difference was observed between antibiotic-resistant and heavy metals-resistant strains (P = 0.012). Conclusion: Plasmid-carrying isolates that showed resistant to heavy metals were highly resistant to antibiotics. The results showed that it is possible for the plasmids which carry genes for resistance to antibiotics and heavy metals to be exchanged by bacterial strains.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: antibiotic agent; beta lactamase SHV; beta lactamase TEM 1; heavy metal, antibiotic resistance; Article; bacterial strain; human; Klebsiella pneumoniae; minimum inhibitory concentration; polymerase chain reaction; urinary tract infection
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
Divisions: School of Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: parto mrs bakhtminoo
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2019 11:00
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2019 11:00
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9937

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