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Collaborators, GBD 2015 HIV and Wang, H. and Wolock, T.M. and Carter, A. and Nguyen, G. and Kyu, H.H. and Gakidou, E. and Hay, S.I. and Msemburi, W. and Coates, M.M. and Mooney, M.D. and Fraser, M.S. and Sligar, A. and Larson, H.J. and Friedman, J. and Brown, A. and Dandona, L. and Fullman, N. and Haagsma, J. and Khalil, I. and Lim, S.S. and Mikesell, J. and Mokdad, A.H. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Pearson, K. and Silpakit, N. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Temesgen, A.M. and Vollset, S.E. and Zoeckler, L. and Murray, C.J.L. and Alfonso-Cristancho, R. and Harun, K.M. and Prokop, D.M. and Mills, E.J. and Trickey, A. and Ajala, O.N. and Bärnighausen, T. and Ding, E.L. and Farvid, M.S. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Won, S. and Fitchett, J.R.A. and Salomon, J. and Abajobir, A.A. and Hoy, D.G. and Alam, N.K.M. and Abate, K.H. and Ghiwot, T.T. and Gebremedhin, A.T. and Abbas, K.M. and Abd El Razek, M.M. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abdulle, A.M. and Abera, S.F. and Melaku, Y.A. and Tesfay, F.H. and Abyu, G.Y. and Bayou, T.A. and Betsu, B.D. and Gebru, A.A. and Hailu, G.B. and Tekle, T. and Yalew, A.Z. and Yebyo, H.G. and Abubakar, I. and Aldridge, R.W. and Abu-Raddad, L.J. and Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E. and Adebiyi, A.O. and Adedeji, I.A. and Adelekan, A.L. and Ojelabi, F.A. and Adofo, K. and Adou, A.K. and Akinyemiju, T.F. and Schwebel, D.C. and Singh, J.A. and Akseer, N. and Al Lami, F.H. and Al-Aly, Z. and Alam, K. and Weintraub, R.G. and Chiang, P.P. and Meretoja, A. and Lopez, A.D. and Wijeratne, T. and Driscoll, T.R. and Kemp, A.H. and Leigh, J. and Mekonnen, A.B. and Karema, C.K. and Alasfoor, D. and Aldhahri, S.F.S. and Terkawi, A.S. and Alegretti, M.A. and Aleman, A.V. and Alemu, Z.A. and Cooper, C. and Deribew, A. and Gething, P.W. and Ali, R. and Bennett, D.A. and Bisanzio, D. and Rahimi, K. and Alkerwi, A. and Alla, F. and Al-Raddadi, R.M.S. and Saeedi, M.Y. and Alsharif, U. and Alvarez, E. and Alvis-Guzman, N. and Amare, A.T. and Hoek, H.W. and Tura, A.K. and Ciobanu, L.G. and Tessema, G.A. and Amberbir, A. and Amegah, A.K. and Ammar, W. and Harb, H.L. and Amrock, S.M. and Antonio, C.A.T. and Anwari, P. and �rnlöv, J. and Larsson, A. and Artaman, A. and Asayesh, H. and Asghar, R.J. and Assadi, R. and Atique, S. and Atkins, L.S. and Avokpaho, E.F.G.A. and Awasthi, A. and Bhatia, E. and Ayala, B.P. and Bacha, U. and Badawi, A. and Barac, A. and Basu, A. and Bayou, Y.T. and Bazargan-Hejazi, S. and Beardsley, J. and Bedi, N. and Santos, I.S. and Bensenor, I.M. and Lotufo, P.A. and Beyene, A.S. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Nisar, M.I. and Biadgilign, S. and Bikbov, B. and Birlik, S.M. and Brainin, M. and Brazinova, A. and Majdan, M. and Breitborde, N.J.K. and Oren, E. and Burch, M. and Butt, Z.A. and Campuzano, J.C. and Heredia-Pi, I.B. and Servan-Mori, E.E. and Cárdenas, R. and Fereshtehnejad, S. and Kivipelto, M. and Weiderpass, E. and Carrero, J.J. and Havmoeller, R. and Sindi, S. and Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A. and Castillo Rivas, J. and Catalá-López, F. and Tabarés-Seisdedos, R. and Chang, H. and Chang, J. and Chavan, L. and Chen, W. and Chibalabala, M. and Chisumpa, V.H. and Mapoma, C.C. and Masiye, F. and de Jager, P. and Petzold, M. and Choi, J.J. and Khang, Y. and Christopher, D.J. and Mohammed, S. and Dahiru, T. and Damtew, S.A. and Deribe, K. and Temam, G. and Jeemon, P. and Dandona, R. and Goenka, S. and Kumar, G.A. and Lal, D.K. and Murthy, G.V.S. and Zodpey, S. and das Neves, J. and Pereira, D.M. and De Leo, D. and Degenhardt, L. and Dellavalle, R.P. and Des Jarlais, D.C. and Dharmaratne, S.D. and Doshi, P.P. and Doyle, K.E. and Dubey, M. and Rahman, M.H.U. and Ram, U. and Yadav, A.K. and Elshrek, Y.M. and Elyazar, I. and Endries, A.Y. and Ermakov, S.P. and Eshrati, B. and Esteghamati, A. and Hafezi-Nejad, N. and Sheikhbahaei, S. and Farzadfar, F. and Kasaeian, A. and Malekzadeh, R. and Roshandel, G. and Sepanlou, S.G. and Rahimi-Movaghar, V. and Yaseri, M. and Faghmous, I.D.A. and Langan, S.M. and McKee, M. and Farinha, C.S. and Faro, A. and Fernandes, J.C. and Fischer, F. and Foigt, N. and Fürst, T. and Majeed, A. and Gankpé, F.G. and Gebre, T. and Geleijnse, J.M. and Jibat, T. and Gessner, B.D. and Giroud, M. and Gishu, M.D. and Glaser, E. and Goodridge, A. and Gopalani, S.V. and Goto, A. and Gugnani, H.C. and Guimaraes, M.D.C. and Gupta, R. and Gupta, V. and Hagan, H. and Hamadeh, R.R. and Hamidi, S. and Hammami, M. and Hankey, G.J. and Hao, Y. and Harikrishnan, S. and Koyanagi, A. and Haro, J.M. and Hedayati, M.T. and Skirbekk, V. and Horino, M. and Horita, N. and Hosgood, H.D. and Hsairi, M. and Hu, G. and Huang, H. and Huang, J.J. and Iburg, K.M. and Idrisov, B.T. and Innos, K. and Iyer, V.J. and Jacobsen, K.H. and Jahanmehr, N. and Jakovljevic, M.B. and Javanbakht, M. and Jayatilleke, A.U. and Jha, V. and Jiang, G. and Jiang, Y. and Jonas, J.B. and Kabir, Z. and Kamal, R. and Kesavachandran, C.N. and She, J. and Zhang, H. and Kan, H. and Karch, A. and Karletsos, D. and Kaul, A. and Kawakami, N. and Shibuya, K. and Kayibanda, J.F. and Keiyoro, P.N. and Kengne, A.P. and Sliwa, K. and Mayosi, B.M. and Khader, Y.S. and Khan, A.R. and Khan, E.A. and Khubchandani, J. and Kim, Y.J. and Kinfu, Y. and Kokubo, Y. and Kosen, S. and Koul, P.A. and Kuate Defo, B. and Kucuk Bicer, B. and Kulkarni, V.S. and Lam, H. and Lam, J.O. and Tran, B.X. and Lansingh, V.C. and Leung, R. and Li, Y. and Lipshultz, S.E. and Wilkinson, J.D. and Liu, S. and Wang, L. and Yu, S. and Lloyd, B.K. and Logroscino, G. and Lunevicius, R. and Magdy, H. and Zaki, M.E. and Polinder, S. and Mahdavi, M. and Mahesh, P.A. and Marcenes, W. and Martinez-Raga, J. and Marzan, M.B. and Mason-Jones, A.J. and Meaney, P.A. and Mehndiratta, M.M. and Tedla, B.A. and Memiah, P. and Memish, Z.A. and Mendoza, W. and Meretoja, T.J. and Meretoja, T.J. and Mhimbira, F.A. and Miller, T.R. and Mirarefi, M. and Mohammad, K.A. and Monasta, L. and Mori, R. and Werdecker, A. and Mueller, U.O. and Westerman, R. and Unit, AIDS. & TB and Murimira, B. and Naheed, A. and Naldi, L. and Nangia, V. and Nash, D. and Nawaz, H. and Nejjari, C. and Ngalesoni, F.N. and Ngirabega, J.D. and Nguyen, Q.L. and Norheim, O.F. and Norman, R.E. and Nyakarahuka, L. and Obermeyer, C.M. and Ogbo, F.A. and Oh, I. and Olusanya, B.O. and Olusanya, J.O. and Opio, J.N. and Ota, E. and Park, H. and Park, J. and Patil, S.T. and Patten, S.B. and Paul, V.K. and Roy, A. and Sagar, R. and Peprah, E.K. and Perico, N. and Remuzzi, G. and Pesudovs, K. and Phillips, M.R. and Simard, E.P. and Pillay, J.D. and Plass, D. and Pourmalek, F. and Qorbani, M. and Rafay, A. and Rana, S.M. and Rahman, M. and Rahman, S.U. and Rai, R.K. and Rajsic, S. and Rao, P.V. and Rojas-Rueda, D. and Ruhago, G.M. and Sunguya, B.F. and Saleh, M.M. and Sanabria, J.R. and Sarmiento-Suarez, R. and Sartorius, B. and Yakob, B. and Sawhney, M. and Schutte, A.E. and Seedat, S. and Wiysonge, C.S. and Shaikh, M.A. and Sharma, R. and Shen, J. and Shin, H.H. and Sigfusdottir, I.D. and Silva, D.A.S. and Silveira, D.G.A. and Singh, O.P. and Singh, P.K. and Soneji, S. and Soriano, J.B. and Soti, D.O. and Sreeramareddy, C.T. and Stathopoulou, V. and Steel, N. and Swaminathan, S. and Sykes, B.L. and Talongwa, R.T. and Tavakkoli, M. and Taye, B. and Thapa, K. and Thomson, A.J. and Tobe-Gai, R. and Topor-Madry, R. and Towbin, J.A. and Tsala, Z. and Tsilimparis, N. and Ukwaja, K.N. and Uneke, C.J. and Uthman, O.A. and Venketasubramanian, N. and Vladimirov, S.K. and Vlassov, V.V. and Wolfe, C.D.A. and Wong, J.Q. and Xu, G. and Yano, Y. and Yip, P. and Yonemoto, N. and Yoon, S. and Younis, M.Z. and Yu, C. and Zaidi, Z. and Zeeb, H. and Zhao, Y. and Zuhlke, L.J. (2016) Estimates of global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and mortality of HIV, 1980�2015: the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet HIV, 3 (8). e361-e387.

DALYs, GBD 2015 and Collaborators, HALE and Kassebaum, N.J. and Arora, M. and Barber, R.M. and Brown, J. and Carter, A. and Casey, D.C. and Charlson, F.J. and Coates, M.M. and Coggeshall, M. and Cornaby, L. and Dandona, L. and Dicker, D.J. and Erskine, H.E. and Ferrari, A.J. and Fitzmaurice, C. and Foreman, K. and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Fullman, N. and Goldberg, E.M. and Graetz, N. and Haagsma, J.A. and Hay, S.I. and Johnson, C.O. and Kemmer, L. and Khalil, I.A. and Kinfu, Y. and Kutz, M.J. and Kyu, H.H. and Leung, J. and Lim, S.S. and Lozano, R. and Mikesell, J. and Mokdad, A.H. and Mooney, M.D. and Naghavi, M. and Nguyen, G. and Nsoesie, E. and Pigott, D.M. and Pinho, C. and Rankin, Z. and Reinig, N. and Sandar, L. and Smith, A. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Stanaway, J. and Steiner, C. and Teeple, S. and Thomas, B.A. and Troeger, C. and VanderZanden, A. and Wagner, J.A. and Wanga, V. and Whiteford, H.A. and Zhou, M. and Zoeckler, L. and Achoki, T. and Afshin, A. and Alexander, L.T. and Allen, C. and Anderson, G.M. and Bell, B. and Bienhoff, K. and Biryukov, S. and Blore, J.D. and Estep, K. and Friedman, J. and Frostad, J. and Godwin, W.W. and Liu, P.Y. and Masiye, F. and Millear, A. and Mirarefin, M. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Mumford, J.E. and Ng, M. and Reitsma, M.B. and Reynolds, A. and Roth, G.A. and Sur, P.J. and Vollset, S.E. and Vos, T. and Lopez, A.D. and Murray, C.J.L. and Ellenbogen, R.G. and Mock, C.N. and Anderson, B.O. and Futran, N.D. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Nisar, M.I. and Akseer, N. and deVeber, G.A. and Abajobir, A.A. and Knibbs, L.D. and Lalloo, R. and Alam, N.K.M. and Gouda, H.N. and Guo, Y. and McGrath, J.J. and Jeemon, P. and Dandona, R. and Kumar, G.A. and Gething, P.W. and Bisanzio, D. and Ali, R. and Bennett, D.A. and Jha, V. and Rahimi, K. and Duan, L. and Jin, Y. and Li, Y. and Wang, L. and Ye, P. and Liang, X. and Mensah, G.A. and Salomon, J.A. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Bärnighausen, T. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Ding, E.L. and Farvid, M.S. and Wagner, G.R. and Fitchett, J.R.A. and Abate, K.H. and Ahmed, M.B. and Gebrehiwot, T.T. and Gebremedhin, A.T. and Abbafati, C. and Abbas, K.M. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abraham, B. and Abubakar, I. and Banerjee, A. and Abu-Raddad, L.J. and Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. and Ackerman, I.N. and Buchbinder, R. and Gabbe, B. and Thrift, A.G. and Lloyd, B.K. and Adebiyi, A.O. and Adedeji, I.A. and Adsuar, J.C. and Afanvi, K.A. and Agardh, E.E. and Badawi, A. and Popova, S. and Agarwal, A. and Agarwal, S.K. and Roy, A. and Sagar, R. and Satpathy, M. and Tandon, N. and Ahmad Kiadaliri, A. and Norrving, B. and Ahmadieh, H. and Yaseri, M. and Katibeh, M. and Al-Aly, Z. and Alam, K. and Azzopardi, P. and Borschmann, R. and Colquhoun, S.M. and Patton, G.C. and Weintraub, R.G. and Meretoja, A. and Szoeke, C.E.I. and Taylor, H.R. and Wijeratne, T. and Driscoll, T.R. and Leigh, J. and Kemp, A.H. and Aldhahri, S.F. and Altirkawi, K.A. and Terkawi, A.S. and Alegretti, M.A. and Aleman, A.V. and Cavalleri, F. and Colistro, V. and Alemu, Z.A. and Tegegne, T.K. and Alkerwi, A. and Alla, F. and Allebeck, P. and Rabiee, R.H.S. and Carrero, J.J. and Fereshtehnejad, S.M. and Kivipelto, M. and Weiderpass, E. and Havmoeller, R. and Sindi, S. and Alsharif, U. and Alvarez, E. and Alvis-Guzman, N. and Amare, A.T. and Melaku, Y.A. and Ciobanu, L.G. and Tessema, G.A. and Amberbir, A. and Amegah, A.K. and Ameh, E.A. and Amini, H. and Fürst, T. and Karema, C.K. and Ammar, W. and Harb, H.L. and Amrock, S.M. and Zonies, D. and Antonio, C.A.T. and Anwari, P. and �rnlöv, J. and Larsson, A. and Arsic, V.S. and Barac, A. and Artaman, A. and Asayesh, H. and Asghar, R.J. and Avokpaho, E.F.G.A. and Gankpé, F.G. and Awasthi, A. and Ayala, B.P. and Bacha, U. and Balakrishnan, K. and Barker-Collo, S.L. and Mohammed, S. and Barregard, L. and Petzold, M. and Barrero, L.H. and Basu, S. and Del, L.C. and Bayou, T.A. and Betsu, B.D. and Hailu, G.B. and Tekle, D.Y. and Beardsley, J. and Bedi, N. and Beghi, E. and Sheth, K.N. and Bell, M.L. and Huang, J.J. and Benjet, C. and Gutiérrez, R.A. and Santos, I.S. and Bensenor, I.M. and Lotufo, P.A. and Berhane, A. and Wolfe, C.D. and Bernabé, E. and Hay, R.J. and Roba, H.S. and Beyene, A.S. and Hassen, T.A. and Mesfi, Y.M. and Bhala, N. and Bhansali, A. and Piel, F.B. and Steiner, T.J. and Bhatt, S. and Majeed, A. and Soljak, M. and Biadgilign, S. and Bikbov, B. and Bin, A.A. and Bjertness, E. and Bourne, R.R.A. and Brainin, M. and Brazinova, A. and Majdan, M. and Shen, J. and Breitborde, N.J.K. and Brenner, H. and Brugha, T.S. and Buckle, G.C. and Butt, Z.A. and Calabria, B. and Lucas, R.M. and Boufous, S. and Degenhardt, L. and Resnikoff, S. and Mitchell, P.B. and Campuzano, J.C. and Gomez-Dantes, H. and Heredia-Pi, I.B. and Jauregui, A. and Montañez Hernandez, J.C. and Servan-Mori, E.E. and Carabin, H. and Carapetis, J.R. and Cárdenas, R. and Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A. and Castillo Rivas, J. and Catalá-López, F. and Chang, J. and Chiang, P.P. and Chibalabala, M. and Chibueze, C.E. and Mori, R. and Chisumpa, V.H. and Choi, J.J. and Choudhury, L. and Christensen, H. and Colomar, M. and Crump, J.A. and Derrett, S. and Poulton, R.G. and Giussani, G. and Cortinovis, M. and Perico, N. and Remuzzi, G. and Damasceno, A. and Dargan, P.I. and das Neves, J. and Pedro, J.M. and Santos, J.V. and Davey, G. and Davis, A.C. and Newton, J.N. and Steel, N. and De Leo, D. and Des Jarlais, D.C. and Dharmaratne, S.D. and Dhillon, P.K. and Zodpey, S. and Doyle, K.E. and Dubey, M. and Rahman, M.H.U. and Ram, U. and Singh, A. and Yadav, A.K. and Duncan, B.B. and Kieling, C. and Schmidt, M.I. and Ebrahimi, H. and Esteghamati, A. and Farzadfar, F. and Hafezi-Nejad, N. and Kasaeian, A. and Parsaeian, M. and Pishgar, F. and Sheikhbahaei, S. and Fahimi, S. and Malekzadeh, R. and Roshandel, G. and Sepanlou, S.G. and Hassanvand, M.S. and Heydarpour, P. and Rahimi-Movaghar, V. and Elyazar, I. and Endries, A.Y. and Ermakov, S.P. and Eshrati, B. and Farid, T.A. and Khan, A.R. and Farinha, C.S.E.S. and Faro, A. and Feigin, V.L. and Te, B.J. and Fernandes, J.G. and Fernandes, J.C. and Fischer, F. and Foigt, N. and Fowkes, F.G.R. and Franklin, R.C. and Garcia-Basteiro, A.L. and Geleijnse, J.M. and Jibat, T. and Gibney, K.B. and Gillum, R.F. and Mehari, A. and Ginawi, I.A. and Hailu, A.D. and Giref, A.Z. and Haile, D. and Giroud, M. and Gishu, M.D. and Tura, A.K. and Gona, P. and Goodridge, A. and Gopalani, S.V. and Gotay, C.C. and Kissoon, N. and Kopec, J.A. and Pourmalek, F. and Goto, A. and Inoue, M. and Gugnani, H. and Gupta, R. and Gupta, R. and Gupta, V. and Knudsen, A.K. and Norheim, O.F. and Halasa, Y.A. and Undurraga, E.A. and Hamadeh, R.R. and Hamidi, S. and Hammami, M. and Handal, A.J. and Hankey, G.J. and Hankey, G.J. and Haro, J.M. and Hedayati, M.T. and Hoek, H.W. and Skirbekk, V. and Hoff, D.J. and Horino, M. and Horita, N. and Hosgood, H.D. and Hoy, D.G. and Hsairi, M. and Huang, H. and Iburg, K.M. and Idrisov, B.T. and Kwan, G.F. and Innos, K. 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(2016) Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980�2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1459-1544.

Mortality, GBD 2015 and of Death Collaborators, Causes and Wang, H. and Naghavi, M. and Allen, C. and Barber, R.M. and Carter, A. and Casey, D.C. and Charlson, F.J. and Chen, A.Z. and Coates, M.M. and Coggeshall, M. and Dandona, L. and Dicker, D.J. and Erskine, H.E. and Ferrari, A.J. and Fitzmaurice, C. and Foreman, K. and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Fraser, M.S. and Fullman, N. and Goldberg, E.M. and Graetz, N. and Haagsma, J.A. and Hay, S.I. and Huynh, C. and Johnson, C.O. and Kassebaum, N.J. and Kulikoff, X.R. and Kutz, M. and Kyu, H.H. and Larson, H.J. and Leung, J. and Lim, S.S. and Lind, M. and Lozano, R. and Marquez, N. and Mikesell, J. and Mokdad, A.H. and Mooney, M.D. and Nguyen, G. and Nsoesie, E. and Pigott, D.M. and Pinho, C. and Roth, G.A. and Sandar, L. and Silpakit, N. and Sligar, A. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Stanaway, J. and Steiner, C. and Teeple, S. and Thomas, B.A. and Troeger, C. and VanderZanden, A. and Vollset, S.E. and Wanga, V. and Whiteford, H.A. and Wolock, T. and Zoeckler, L. and Achoki, T. and Afshin, A. and Alexander, L.T. and Anderson, G.M. and Bell, B. and Biryukov, S. and Blore, J.D. and Brown, A. and Brown, J. and Cercy, K. and Chew, A. and Cohen, A.J. and Daoud, F. and Dossou, E. and Estep, K. and Flaxman, A. and Friedman, J. and Frostad, J. and Godwin, W.W. and Hancock, J. and Kemmer, L. and Khalil, I.A. and Liu, P.Y. and Masiye, F. and Millear, A. and Mirarefin, M. and Misganaw, A. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Morgan, K. and Ng, M. and Pain, A. and Quame-Amaglo, J. and Rao, P. and Reitsma, M.B. and Shackelford, K.A. and Sur, P. and Wagner, J.A. and Vos, T. and Lopez, A.D. and Murray, C.J.L. and Ellenbogen, R.G. and Mock, C.N. and Quistberg, D.A. and Anderson, B.O. and Blosser, C.D. and Futran, N.D. and Heckbert, S.R. and Jensen, P.N. and Montine, T.J. and Tirschwell, D.L. and Watkins, D.A. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Nisar, M.I. and Akseer, N. and Alam, N.K.M. and Knibbs, L.D. and Lalloo, R. and Gouda, H.N. and McGrath, J.J. and Jeemon, P. and Dandona, R. and Kumar, G.A. and Gething, P.W. and Cooper, C. and Darby, S.C. and Deribew, A. and Ali, R. and Bennett, D.A. and Jha, V. and Rahimi, K. and Kinfu, Y. and Faghmous, I.D.A. and Langan, S.M. and McKee, M. and Murthy, G.V.S. and Pearce, N. and Roberts, B. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Campuzano, J.C. and Gomez-Dantes, H. and Heredia-Pi, I.B. and Mejia-Rodriguez, F. and Montañez Hernandez, J.C. and Montero, P. and Rios Blancas, M.J. and Servan-Mori, E.E. and Villalpando, S. and Duan, L. and Liu, S. and Wang, L. and Ye, P. and Liang, X. and Yu, S. and Mensah, G.A. and Salomon, J.A. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Ajala, O.N. and Bärnighausen, T. and Ding, E.L. and Farvid, M.S. and Wagner, G.R. and James, P. and Osman, M. and Shrime, M.G. and Fitchett, J.R.A. and Knudsen, A.K. and Ellingsen, C.L. and Krog, N.H. and Savic, M. and Hailu, A.D. and Norheim, O.F. and Abate, K.H. and Gebrehiwot, T.T. and Gebremedhin, A.T. and Abbafati, C. and Abbas, K.M. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abera, S.F. and Melaku, Y.A. and Tesfay, F.H. and Abyu, G.Y. and Aregay, A.F. and Betsu, B.D. and Gebru, A.A. and Hailu, G.B. and Yalew, A.Z. and Yebyo, H.G. and Abreu, D.M.X. and Franca, E.B. and Abu-Raddad, L.J. and Adelekan, A.L. and Akinyemi, R.O. and Ojelabi, F.A. and Ademi, Z. and Fürst, T. and Azzopardi, P. and Cowie, B.C. and Gibney, K.B. and MacLachlan, J.H. and Meretoja, A. and Alam, K. and Borschmann, R. and Colquhoun, S.M. and Patton, G.C. and Weintraub, R.G. and Szoeke, C.E.I. and Vijayakumar, L. and Bohensky, M.A. and Taylor, H.R. and Wijeratne, T. and Adou, A.K. and Adsuar, J.C. and Afanvi, K.A. and Agardh, E.E. and Rehm, J. and Badawi, A. and Lindsay, M.P. and Popova, S. and Agarwal, A. and Agrawal, A. and Hotez, P.J. and Ahmad, A. and Norrving, B. and Akanda, A.S. and Akinyemiju, T.F. and Schwebel, D.C. and Singh, J.A. and Al Lami, F.H. and Alabed, S. and Al-Aly, Z. and Driscoll, T.R. and Kemp, A.H. and Leigh, J. and Mekonnen, A.B. and Alasfoor, D. and Aldhahri, S.F. and Altirkawi, 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(2016) Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980�2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1459-1544.

Collaborators, GBD 2013 Risk Factors and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Alexander, L. and Bachman, V.F. and Biryukov, S. and Brauer, M. and Casey, D. and Coates, M.M. and Delwiche, K. and Estep, K. and Frostad, J.J. and Astha, K.C. and Kyu, H.H. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Ng, M. and Slepak, E. and Thomas, B.A. and Wagner, J. and Achoki, T. and Atkinson, C. and Barber, R.M. and Cooperrider, K. and Dandona, L. and Dicker, D. and Flaxman, A.D. and Fleming, T.D. and Foreman, K.J. and Gakidou, E. and Hay, S.I. and Heuton, K.R. and Iannarone, M.L. and Ku, T. and Larson, H.J. and Lim, S.S. and Lopez, A.D. and Lozano, R. and MacIntyre, M.F. and Margono, C. and McLain, A. and Mokdad, A.H. and Mullany, E.C. and Murray, C.J.L. and Naghavi, M. and Nguyen, G. and Pain, A.W. and Richardson, L. and Robinson, M. and Sandar, L. and Stephens, N. and Temesgen, A.M. and Thomson, B. and Vos, T. and Wan, X. and Wang, H. and Wurtz, B. and Ebel, B.E. and Ellenbogen, R.G. and Wright, J.L. and Alfonso-Cristancho, R. and Anderson, B.O. and Jensen, P.N. and Quistberg, D.A. and Riederer, A. and Vavilala, M.S. and Zunt, J.R. and Anderson, H.R. and Pourmalek, F. and Brauer, M. and Gotay, C.C. and Burnett, R. and Shin, H.H. and Weichenthal, S. and Cohen, A. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Knudsen, A. and Aasvang, G. and Kinge, J.M. and Skirbekk, V. and Vollset, S. and Abbafati, C. and Abbasoglu Ozgoren, A. and �avlin, A. and Kucuk Bicer, B. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abera, S.F. and Melaku, Y.A. and Abera, S.F. and Aboyans, V. and Abraham, B. and Puthenpurakal Abraham, J. and Abraham, J.P. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Ding, E.L. and Fahimi, S. and Khatibzadeh, S. and Wagner, G.R. and Bukhman, G. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Feigl, A.B. and Salomon, J.A. and Benzian, H. and Abubakar, I. and Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E. and Lozano, R. and Aburto, T.C. and Avila, M.A. and Barquera, S. and Barrientos-Gutierrez, T. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Campuzano, J.C. and Cantoral, A.J. and Contreras, A.G. and Cuevas-Nasu, L. and De, V. and 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