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Mokdad, A.H. and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Daoud, F. and Mokdad, A.A. and El Bcheraoui, C. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Kyu, H.H. and Barber, R.M. and Wagner, J. and Cercy, K. and Kravitz, H. and Coggeshall, M. and Chew, A. and O'Rourke, K.F. and Steiner, C. and Tuffaha, M. and Charara, R. and Al-Ghamdi, E.A. and Adi, Y. and Afifi, R.A. and Alahmadi, H. and AlBuhairan, F. and Allen, N. and AlMazroa, M. and Al-Nehmi, A.A. and AlRayess, Z. and Arora, M. and Azzopardi, P. and Barroso, C. and Basulaiman, M. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Bonell, C. and Breinbauer, C. and Degenhardt, L. and Denno, D. and Fang, J. and Fatusi, A. and Feigl, A.B. and Kakuma, R. and Karam, N. and Kennedy, E. and Khoja, T.A.M. and Maalouf, F. and Obermeyer, C.M. and Mattoo, A. and McGovern, T. and Memish, Z.A. and Mensah, G.A. and Patel, V. and Petroni, S. and Reavley, N. and Zertuche, D.R. and Saeedi, M. and Santelli, J. and Sawyer, S.M. and Ssewamala, F. and Taiwo, K. and Tantawy, M. and Viner, R.M. and Waldfogel, J. and Zuñiga, M.P. and Naghavi, M. and Wang, H. and Vos, T. and Lopez, A.D. and Al Rabeeah, A.A. and Patton, G.C. and Murray, C.J.L. (2016) Global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors for young people's health during 1990�2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet, 387 (10036). pp. 2383-2401.

Forouzanfar, M.H. and Afshin, A. and Alexander, L.T. and Biryukov, S. and Brauer, M. and Cercy, K. and Charlson, F.J. and Cohen, A.J. and Dandona, L. and Estep, K. and Ferrari, A.J. and Frostad, J.J. and Fullman, N. and Godwin, W.W. and Griswold, M. and Hay, S.I. and Kyu, H.H. and Larson, H.J. and Lim, S.S. and Liu, P.Y. and Lopez, A.D. and Lozano, R. and Marczak, L. and Mokdad, A.H. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Naghavi, M. and Reitsma, M.B. and Roth, G.A. and Sur, P.J. and Vos, T. and Wagner, J.A. and Wang, H. and Zhao, Y. and Zhou, M. and Barber, R.M. and Bell, B. and Blore, J.D. and Casey, D.C. and Coates, M.M. and Cooperrider, K. and Cornaby, L. and Dicker, D. and Erskine, H.E. and Fleming, T. and Foreman, K. and Gakidou, E. and Haagsma, J.A. and Johnson, C.O. and Kemmer, L. and Ku, T. and Leung, J. and Masiye, F. and Millear, A. and Mirarefin, M. and Misganaw, A. and Mullany, E. and Mumford, J.E. and Ng, M. and Olsen, H. and Rao, P. and Reinig, N. and Roman, Y. and Sandar, L. and Santomauro, D.F. and Slepak, E.L. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Thomas, B.A. and Vollset, S.E. and Whiteford, H.A. and Zipkin, B. and Murray, C.J.L. and Mock, C.N. and Anderson, B.O. and Futran, N.D. and Anderson, H.R. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Nisar, M.I. and Akseer, N. and Krueger, H. and Gotay, C.C. and Kissoon, N. and Kopec, J.A. and Pourmalek, F. and Burnett, R. and Abajobir, A.A. and Knibbs, L.D. and Veerman, J.L. and Lalloo, R. and Scott, J.G. and Alam, N.K.M. and Gouda, H.N. and Guo, Y. and McGrath, J.J. and Charlson, F.J. and Jeemon, P. and Dandona, R. and Goenka, S. and Kumar, G.A. and Gething, P.W. and Bisanzio, D. and Deribew, A. and Darby, S.C. and Ali, R. and Bennett, D.A. and Jha, V. and Kinfu, Y. and McKee, M. and Murthy, G.V.S. and Pearce, N. and Stöckl, H. and Duan, L. and Jin, Y. and Li, Y. and Liu, S. and Wang, L. and Ye, P. and Liang, X. and Azzopardi, P. and Patton, G.C. and Meretoja, A. and Alam, K. and Borschmann, R. and Colquhoun, S.M. and Weintraub, R.G. and Szoeke, C.E.I. and Ademi, Z. and Taylor, H.R. and Wijeratne, T. and Batis, C. and Barquera, S. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Contreras, A.G. and Cuevas-Nasu, L. and De, V. and Gomez-Dantes, H. and Heredia-Pi, I.B. and Medina, C. and Mejia-Rodriguez, F. and Montañez Hernandez, J.C. and Razo-García, C.A. and Rivera, J.A. and Rodríguez-Ramírez, S. and Sánchez-Pimienta, T.G. and Servan-Mori, E.E. and Shamah, T. and Mensah, G.A. and Hoff, H.J. and Neal, B. and Driscoll, T.R. and Kemp, A.H. and Leigh, J. and Mekonnen, A.B. and Bhatt, S. and Fürst, T. and Piel, F.B. and Rodriguez, A. and Hutchings, S.J. and Majeed, A. and Soljak, M. and Salomon, J.A. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Ajala, O.N. and Bärnighausen, T. and Cahill, L.E. and Ding, E.L. and Farvid, M.S. and Khatibzadeh, S. and Wagner, G.R. and Shrime, M.G. and Fitchett, J.R.A. and Aasvang, G.M. and Savic, M. and Abate, K.H. and Gebrehiwot, T.T. and Gebremedhin, A.T. and Abbafati, C. and Abbas, K.M. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abdulle, A.M. and Abera, S.F. and Melaku, Y.A. and Abyu, G.Y. and Betsu, B.D. and Hailu, G.B. and Tekle, D.Y. and Yalew, A.Z. and Abraham, B. and Abu-Raddad, L.J. and Adebiyi, A.O. and Adedeji, I.A. and Adou, A.K. and Adsuar, J.C. and Agardh, E.E. and Rehm, J. and Badawi, A. and Popova, S. and Agarwal, A. and Ahmad, A. and Akinyemiju, T.F. and Schwebel, D.C. and Singh, J.A. and Al-Aly, Z. and Aldhahri, S.F. and Altirkawi, K.A. and Terkawi, A.S. and Aldridge, R.W. and Tillmann, T. and Alemu, Z.A. and Tegegne, T.K. and Alkerwi, A. and Alla, F. and Guillemin, F. and Allebeck, P. and Rabiee, R.H.S. and Fereshtehnejad, S.M. and Kivipelto, M. and Carrero, J.J. and Weiderpass, E. and Havmoeller, R. and Sindi, S. and Alsharif, U. and Alvarez, E. and Alvis-Guzman, N. and Amare, A.T. and Ciobanu, L.G. and Taye, B.W. and Amberbir, A. and Amegah, A.K. and Amini, H. and Karema, C.K. and Ammar, W. and Harb, H.L. and Amrock, S.M. and Andersen, H.H. and Antonio, C.A.T. and Faraon, E.J.A. and Anwari, P. and �rnlöv, J. and Larsson, A. and Artaman, A. and Asayesh, H. and Asghar, R.J. and Assadi, R. and Atique, S. and Avokpaho, E.F.G.A. and Awasthi, A. and Ayala, B.P. and Bacha, U. and Bahit, M.C. and Balakrishnan, K. and Barac, A. and Barker-Collo, S.L. and del Pozo-Cruz, B. and Mohammed, S. and Barregard, L. and Petzold, M. and Barrero, L.H. and Basu, S. and Del, L.C. and Bazargan-Hejazi, S. and Beardsley, J. and Bedi, N. and Beghi, E. and Sheth, K.N. and Bell, M.L. and Huang, J.J. and Bello, A.K. and Santos, I.S. and Bensenor, I.M. and Lotufo, P.A. and Berhane, A. and Wolfe, C.D. and Bernabé, E. and Roba, H.S. and Beyene, A.S. and Hassen, T.A. and Mesfin, Y.M. and Bhala, N. and Bhansali, A. and Biadgilign, S. and Bikbov, B. and Bjertness, E. and Htet, A.S. and Boufous, S. and Degenhardt, L. and Resnikoff, S. and Calabria, B. and Bourne, R.R.A. and Brainin, M. and Brazinova, A. and Majdan, M. and Shen, J. and Breitborde, N.J.K. and Brenner, H. and Schöttker, B. and Broday, D.M. and Brugha, T.S. and Brunekreef, B. and Kromhout, H. and Butt, Z.A. and van Donkelaar, A. and Martin, R.V. and Cárdenas, R. and Carpenter, D.O. and Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A. and Castillo, J. and Castro, R.E. and Catalá-López, F. and Chang, J. and Chiang, P.P. and Chibalabala, M. and Chimed-Ochir, O. and Jiang, Y. and Takahashi, K. and Chisumpa, V.H. and Mapoma, C.C. and Chitheer, A.A. and Choi, J.J. and Christensen, H. and Christopher, D.J. and Cooper, L.T. and Crump, J.A. and Poulton, R.G. and Damasceno, A. and Dargan, P.I. and das Neves, J. and Davis, A.C. and Newton, J.N. and Steel, N. and Davletov, K. and de Castro, E.F. and De, D. and Dellavalle, R.P. and Des, D.C. and Dharmaratne, S.D. and Dhillon, P.K. and Lal, D.K. and Zodpey, S. and Diaz-Torné, C. and Dorsey, E.R. and Doyle, K.E. and Dubey, M. and Rahman, M.H.U. and Ram, U. and Singh, A. and Yadav, A.K. and Duncan, B.B. and Kieling, C. and Schmidt, M.I. and Elyazar, I. and Endries, A.Y. and Ermakov, S.P. and Eshrati, B. and Farzadfar, F. and Kasaeian, A. and Parsaeian, M. and Esteghamati, A. and Hafezi-Nejad, N. and Sheikhbahaei, S. and Fahimi, S. and Malekzadeh, R. and Roshandel, G. and Sepanlou, S.G. and Hassanvand, M.S. and Heydarpour, P. and Rahimi-Movaghar, V. and Yaseri, M. and Farid, T.A. and Khan, A.R. and Farinha, C.S.E.S. and Faro, A. and Feigin, V.L. and Fernandes, J.G. and Fischer, F. and Foigt, N. and Shiue, I. and Fowkes, F.G.R. and Franklin, R.C. and Garcia-Basteiro, A.L. and Geleijnse, J.M. and Jibat, T. and Gessner, B.D. and Tefera, W. and Giref, A.Z. and Haile, D. and Manamo, W.A.A. and Giroud, M. and Gishu, M.D. and Martinez-Raga, J. and Gomez-Cabrera, M.C. and Gona, P. and Goodridge, A. and Gopalani, S.V. and Goto, A. and Inoue, M. and Gugnani, H.C. and Gupta, R. and Gutiérrez, R.A. and Orozco, R. and Halasa, Y.A. and Undurraga, E.A. and Hamadeh, R.R. and Hamidi, S. and Handal, A.J. and Hankey, G.J. and Hao, Y. and Harikrishnan, S. and Haro, J.M. and Hernández-Llanes, N.F. and Hoek, H.W. and Tura, A.K. and Horino, M. and Horita, N. and Hosgood, H.D. and Hoy, D.G. and Hsairi, M. and Hu, G. and Husseini, A. and Huybrechts, I. and Iburg, K.M. and Idrisov, B.T. and Kwan, G.F. and Ileanu, B.V. and Pana, A. and Kawakami, N. and Shibuya, K. and Jacobs, T.A. and Jacobsen, K.H. and Jahanmehr, N. and Jakovljevic, M.B. and Jansen, H.A.F. and Jassal, S.K. and Stein, M.B. and Javanbakht, M. and Jayaraman, S.P. and Jayatilleke, A.U. and Jee, S.H. and Jeemon, P. and Jonas, J.B. and Kabir, Z. and Kalkonde, Y. and Kamal, R. and She, J. and Kan, H. and Karch, A. and Karimkhani, C. and Kaul, A. and Kazi, D.S. and Keiyoro, P.N. and Parry, C.D. and Kengne, A.P. and Matzopoulos, R. and Wiysonge, C.S. and Stein, D.J. and Mayosi, B.M. and Keren, A. and Khader, Y.S. and Khan, E.A. and Khan, G. and Khang, Y.H. and Won, S. and Khera, S. and Tavakkoli, M. and Khoja, T.A.M. and Khubchandani, J. and Kim, C. and Kim, D. and Kimokoti, R.W. and Kokubo, Y. and Koul, P.A. and Koyanagi, A. and Kravchenko, M. and Varakin, Y.Y. and Kuate, B. and Kuchenbecker, R.S. and Kucuk, B. and Kuipers, E.J. and Lallukka, T. and Shiri, R. and Meretoja, T.J. and Lan, Q. and Latif, A.A. and Lawrynowicz, A.E.B. and Leasher, J.L. and Levi, M. and Li, X. and Liang, J. and Lloyd, B.K. and Lloyd, B.K. and Lunevicius, R. and Pope, D. and Mahdavi, M. and Mahdavi, M. and Marcenes, W. and Matsushita, K. and Nachega, J.B. and Tran, B.X. and Meaney, P.A. and Mehari, A. and Tedla, B.A. and Memish, Z.A. and Mendoza, W. and Mensink, G.B.M. and Mhimbira, F.A. and Miller, T.R. and Mills, E.J. and Mohammadi, A. and Mola, G.L.D. and Monasta, L. and Morawska, L. and Norman, R.E. and Mori, R. and Mozaff, D. and Shi, P. and Werdecker, A. and Mueller, U.O. and Paternina, A.J. and Westerman, R. and Seedat, S. and Naheed, A. and Nangia, V. and Nassiri, N. and Nguyen, Q.L. and Nkamedjie, P.M. and Norheim, O.F. and Norrving, B. and Nyakarahuka, L. and Obermeyer, C.M. and Ogbo, F.A. and Oh, I. and Oladimeji, O. and Sartorius, B. and Olusanya, B.O. and Olivares, P.R. and Olusanya, J.O. and Opio, J.N. and Oren, E. and Ortiz, A. and Ota, E. and Mahesh, P.A. and Park, E. and Patel, T. and Patil, S.T. and Patten, S.B. and Wang, J. and Pereira, D.M. and Cortinovis, M. and Giussani, G. and Perico, N. and Remuzzi, G. and Pesudovs, K. and Phillips, M.R. and Pillay, J.D. and Plass, D. and Tobollik, M. and Polinder, S. and Pond, C.D. and Pope, C.A. and Prasad, N.M. and Qorbani, M. and Radfar, A. and Rafay, A. and Rana, S.M. and Rahman, M. and Rahman, S.U. and Rajsic, S. and Rai, R.K. and Raju, M. and Ranganathan, K. and Refaat, A.H. and Rehm, C.D. and Ribeiro, A.L. and Rojas-Rueda, D. and Roy, A. and Satpathy, M. and Tandon, N. and Rothenbacher, D. and Saleh, M.M. and Sanabria, J.R. and Sanchez-Riera, L. and Sanchez-Niño, M.D. and Sarmiento-Suarez, R. and Sawhney, M. and Schmidhuber, J. and Schneider, I.J.C. and Schutte, A.E. and Silva, D.A.S. and Shahraz, S. and Shin, M. and Shaheen, A. and Shaikh, M.A. and Sharma, R. and Shigematsu, M. and Yoon, S. and Shishani, K. and Sigfusdottir, I.D. and Singh, P.K. and Silveira, D.G.A. and Silverberg, J.I. and Yano, Y. and Soneji, S. and Sposato, L.A. and Steckling, N. and Sreeramareddy, C.T. and Stathopoulou, V. and Stroumpoulis, K. and Sunguya, B.F. and Swaminathan, S. and Sykes, B.L. and Tabarés-Seisdedos, R. and Talongwa, R.T. and Tanne, D. and Tuzcu, E.M. and Thakur, J. and Shaddick, G. and Thomas, M.L. and Thrift, A.G. and Thurston, G.D. and Thomson, A.J. and Topor-Madry, R. and Topouzis, F. and Towbin, J.A. and Uthman, O.A. and Tobe-Gai, R. and Tsilimparis, N. and Tsala, Z. and Tyrovolas, S. and Ukwaja, K.N. and van Os, J. and Vasankari, T. and Venketasubramanian, N. and Violante, F.S. and Waller, S.G. and Uneke, C.J. and Wang, Y. and Weichenthal, S. and Woolf, A.D. and Xavier, D. and Xu, G. and Yakob, B. and Yip, P. and Kesavachandran, C.N. and Montico, M. and Ronfani, L. and Yu, C. and Zaidi, Z. and Yonemoto, N. and Younis, M.Z. and Wubshet, M. and Zaidi, Z. and Zuhlke, L.J. and Zaki, M.E. and Zhu, J. (2016) Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990�2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1659-1724.

DALYs, GBD 2015 and Collaborators, HALE and Kassebaum, N.J. and Arora, M. and Barber, R.M. and Brown, J. and Carter, A. and Casey, D.C. and Charlson, F.J. and Coates, M.M. and Coggeshall, M. and Cornaby, L. and Dandona, L. and Dicker, D.J. and Erskine, H.E. and Ferrari, A.J. and Fitzmaurice, C. and Foreman, K. and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Fullman, N. and Goldberg, E.M. and Graetz, N. and Haagsma, J.A. and Hay, S.I. and Johnson, C.O. and Kemmer, L. and Khalil, I.A. and Kinfu, Y. and Kutz, M.J. and Kyu, H.H. and Leung, J. and Lim, S.S. and Lozano, R. and Mikesell, J. and Mokdad, A.H. and Mooney, M.D. and Naghavi, M. and Nguyen, G. and Nsoesie, E. and Pigott, D.M. and Pinho, C. and Rankin, Z. and Reinig, N. and Sandar, L. and Smith, A. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Stanaway, J. and Steiner, C. and Teeple, S. and Thomas, B.A. and Troeger, C. and VanderZanden, A. and Wagner, J.A. and Wanga, V. and Whiteford, H.A. and Zhou, M. and Zoeckler, L. and Achoki, T. and Afshin, A. and Alexander, L.T. and Allen, C. and Anderson, G.M. and Bell, B. and Bienhoff, K. and Biryukov, S. and Blore, J.D. and Estep, K. and Friedman, J. and Frostad, J. and Godwin, W.W. and Liu, P.Y. and Masiye, F. and Millear, A. and Mirarefin, M. and Moradi-Lakeh, M. and Mumford, J.E. and Ng, M. and Reitsma, M.B. and Reynolds, A. and Roth, G.A. and Sur, P.J. and Vollset, S.E. and Vos, T. and Lopez, A.D. and Murray, C.J.L. and Ellenbogen, R.G. and Mock, C.N. and Anderson, B.O. and Futran, N.D. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Nisar, M.I. and Akseer, N. and deVeber, G.A. and Abajobir, A.A. and Knibbs, L.D. and Lalloo, R. and Alam, N.K.M. and Gouda, H.N. and Guo, Y. and McGrath, J.J. and Jeemon, P. and Dandona, R. and Kumar, G.A. and Gething, P.W. and Bisanzio, D. and Ali, R. and Bennett, D.A. and Jha, V. and Rahimi, K. and Duan, L. and Jin, Y. and Li, Y. and Wang, L. and Ye, P. and Liang, X. and Mensah, G.A. and Salomon, J.A. and Thorne-Lyman, A.L. and Bärnighausen, T. and Campos-Nonato, I.R. and Ding, E.L. and Farvid, M.S. and Wagner, G.R. and Fitchett, J.R.A. and Abate, K.H. and Ahmed, M.B. and Gebrehiwot, T.T. and Gebremedhin, A.T. and Abbafati, C. and Abbas, K.M. and Abd-Allah, F. and Abraham, B. and Abubakar, I. and Banerjee, A. and Abu-Raddad, L.J. and Abu-Rmeileh, N.M. and Ackerman, I.N. and Buchbinder, R. and Gabbe, B. and Thrift, A.G. and Lloyd, B.K. and Adebiyi, A.O. and Adedeji, I.A. and Adsuar, J.C. and Afanvi, K.A. and Agardh, E.E. and Badawi, A. and Popova, S. and Agarwal, A. and Agarwal, S.K. and Roy, A. and Sagar, R. and Satpathy, M. and Tandon, N. and Ahmad Kiadaliri, A. and Norrving, B. and Ahmadieh, H. and Yaseri, M. and Katibeh, M. and Al-Aly, Z. and Alam, K. and Azzopardi, P. and Borschmann, R. and Colquhoun, S.M. and Patton, G.C. and Weintraub, R.G. and Meretoja, A. and Szoeke, C.E.I. and Taylor, H.R. and Wijeratne, T. and Driscoll, T.R. and Leigh, J. and Kemp, A.H. and Aldhahri, S.F. and Altirkawi, K.A. and Terkawi, A.S. and Alegretti, M.A. and Aleman, A.V. and Cavalleri, F. and 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(2016) Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990�2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1545-1602.

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(2016) Global, regional, and national levels of maternal mortality, 1990�2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet, 388 (10053). pp. 1775-1812.

Mortality, GBD 2015 and of Death Collaborators, Causes and Wang, H. and Naghavi, M. and Allen, C. and Barber, R.M. and Carter, A. and Casey, D.C. and Charlson, F.J. and Chen, A.Z. and Coates, M.M. and Coggeshall, M. and Dandona, L. and Dicker, D.J. and Erskine, H.E. and Ferrari, A.J. and Fitzmaurice, C. and Foreman, K. and Forouzanfar, M.H. and Fraser, M.S. and Fullman, N. and Goldberg, E.M. and Graetz, N. and Haagsma, J.A. and Hay, S.I. and Huynh, C. and Johnson, C.O. and Kassebaum, N.J. and Kulikoff, X.R. and Kutz, M. and Kyu, H.H. and Larson, H.J. and Leung, J. and Lim, S.S. and Lind, M. and Lozano, R. and Marquez, N. and Mikesell, J. and Mokdad, A.H. and Mooney, M.D. and Nguyen, G. and Nsoesie, E. and Pigott, D.M. and Pinho, C. and Roth, G.A. and Sandar, L. and Silpakit, N. and Sligar, A. and Sorensen, R.J.D. and Stanaway, J. and Steiner, C. and Teeple, S. and Thomas, B.A. and Troeger, C. and VanderZanden, A. and Vollset, S.E. and Wanga, V. and Whiteford, H.A. and Wolock, T. and 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