Liquid Calibration Phantoms in Ultra-Low-Dose QCT for the Assessment of Bone Mineral Density

Malekzadeh, M. and Abbasi-Rad, S. and Keyak, J.H. and Nabil, M. and Asadi, M. and Mobini, N. and Naghdi, P. and Emadi, H. and Saligheh Rad, H. and Shiran, M.B. (2019) Liquid Calibration Phantoms in Ultra-Low-Dose QCT for the Assessment of Bone Mineral Density. Journal of Clinical Densitometry.

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Introduction: Cortical bone is affected by metabolic diseases. Some studies have shown that lower cortical bone mineral density (BMD) is related to increases in fracture risk which could be diagnosed by quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Nowadays, hybrid iterative reconstruction-based (HIR) computed tomography (CT) could be helpful to quantify the peripheral bone tissue. A key focus of this paper is to evaluate liquid calibration phantoms for BMD quantification in the tibia and under hybrid iterative reconstruction-based-CT with the different hydrogen dipotassium phosphate (K 2 HPO 4 ) concentrations phantoms. Methodology: Four ranges of concentrations of K 2 HPO 4 were made and tested with 2 exposure settings. Accuracy of the phantoms with ash gravimetry and intermediate K 2 HPO 4 concentration as hypothetical patients were evaluated. The correlations and mean differences between measured equivalent QCT BMD and ash density as a gold standard were calculated. Relative percentage error (RPE) in CT numbers of each concentration over a 6-mo period was reported. Results: The correlation values (R 2 was close to 1.0), suggested that the precision of QCT-BMD measurements using standard and ultra-low dose settings were similar for all phantoms. The mean differences between QCT-BMD and the ash density for low concentrations (about 93 mg/cm 3 ) were lower than high concentration phantoms with 135 and 234 mg/cm 3 biases. In regard to accuracy test for hypothetical patient, RPE was up to 16.1 for the low concentration (LC) phantom for the case of high mineral content. However, the lowest RPE (0.4 to 1.8) was obtained for the high concentration (HC) phantom, particularly for the high mineral content case. In addition, over 6 months, the K 2 HPO 4 concentrations increased 25 for 50 mg/cm 3 solution and 0.7 for 1300 mg/cm 3 solution in phantoms. Conclusion: The excellent linear correlations between the QCT equivalent density and the ash density gold standard indicate that QCT can be used with submilisivert radiation dose. We conclude that using liquid calibration phantoms with a range of mineral content similar to that being measured will minimize bias. Finally, we suggest performing BMD measurements with ultra-low dose scan concurrent with iterative-based reconstruction to reduce radiation exposure. © 2019 The International Society for Clinical Densitometry

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal System
WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2020 04:15
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2020 04:15

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