Temperature recording sites in infants, children, and adults

Allami, A. and Mohammadi, N. and Shahrokhi, R. (2010) Temperature recording sites in infants, children, and adults. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 12 (4). pp. 413-418.

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Abstract

Background: Axilla, mouth, and rectum are the most common sites for thermometric measurement. There is no universally accepted belief about how to predict one of them from others. Methods: In a cross-sectional hospital-based study at two educational hospitals in Qazvin Province, mercury in glass thermometers were used and then calibrated with digital thermometer within ±0.1 °C. The axillary temperature was compared with oral or rectal ones in 50 infants, 100 children, and 100 adults. Results: The mean difference between axillary and rectal temperature in infants was 0.366 °C (± 0.21), while those between oral and axilary in children and adults were 0.667 °C (±0.37) and 0.494°C (±0.3), respectively. Among infants, 98 of the oral and rectal readings were stabilized at 5 and 3 minutes, respectively. In children, 98 of the oral readings were stabilized at five but for axilla, 99 by 6 minutes. For adults, 95 of the oral readings were stabilized at 5 minutes while for axilla, it was 96 by 6 minutes. Conclusion: In less than 3 month old infants, axillary temperature accurately reflects the rectal temperature. Axillary and rectal thermometry in infants should be read after 5 and 3 minutes, while oral temperature in children and adults should be read after 6 and 5 minutes, respectively. © Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; article; axilla temperature; child; controlled study; electronic thermometer; female; human; infant; male; mercury thermometer; mouth temperature; preschool child; rectum temperature; school child; temperature measurement
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
Depositing User: s shekarchi shekarchi
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2020 06:23
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2020 06:23
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/21421

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