Transcatheter closure of fenestration after modified fontan operation in children

Meraji, S.M. and Davari, P.N. and Aarabi, M.Y. and Shahmohammadi, A.A. and Mortezaeian, H. and Emamzadegan, R. (2008) Transcatheter closure of fenestration after modified fontan operation in children. Journal of Tehran University Heart Center, 3 (1). pp. 39-42.


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Background: Fenestration in the modified Fontan operation allows right-to-left shunting, which reduces the Fontan pathway pressure and improves cardiac output. However, on account of the fact that persistent right-to-left shunting results in cyanosis and paradoxical emboli, fenestration closure is recommended after recovery from the Fontan operation. Methods: This study recruited 3 patients who underwent the transcatheter closure of the Fontan fenestration with the ASD-Amplatzer because of severe cyanosis and significant intracardiac shunts. Results: Fenestration closure was performed at a mean age of 8 yr (6-12 yr) and average of 15 months after the Fontan operation. Aortic O2 saturation increased by an average of 17.6 (9-26). During more than a two-year period of follow-up (mean: 27 months), two patients had complete occlusion on echocardiography and the other one had a small residual shunt. One of these patients had atrial flutter during the follow-up. Conclusion: The transcatheter closure of the Fontan fenestration is a safe and feasible technique that is effective in elevating systemic O2 saturation and well-being and confers acceptable growth and development in children.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: oxygen, aorta; arterial oxygen saturation; article; case report; catheter; child; clinical effectiveness; cyanosis; disease severity; female; fenestration; follow up; Fontan procedure; great vessels transposition; heart atrium flutter; heart catheterization; heart right ventricle double outlet; heart septum defect; heart single ventricle; heart ventricle septum defect; human; male; patient safety; pulmonary valve stenosis; transthoracic echocardiography; tricuspid valve atresia
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
WS Pediatrics
Depositing User: Arezoo Ghasemi siani
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2020 05:01
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2020 05:01

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