Preventing HIV transmission among Iranian prisoners: Initial support for providing education on the benefits of harm reduction practices

Eshrati, B. and Asl, R.T. and Dell, C.A. and Afshar, P. and Millson, P.M.E. and Kamali, M. and Weekes, J. (2008) Preventing HIV transmission among Iranian prisoners: Initial support for providing education on the benefits of harm reduction practices. Harm Reduction Journal, 5.


Download (277kB) | Preview
Official URL:


Background: Harm reduction is a health-centred approach that seeks to reduce the health and social harms associated with high-risk behaviors, such as illicit drug use. The objective of this study is to determine the association between the beliefs of a group of adult, male prisoners in Iran about the transmission of HIV and their high-risk practices while in prison. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004. The study population was a random selection of 100 men incarcerated at Rajaei-Shahr prison. The data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. Focus group discussions were held at the prison to guide the design of the questionnaire. The relationship between components of the Health Belief Model (HBM) and prisoners' risky HIV-related behaviors was examined. Results: Calculating Pearson's correlation coefficient, a significant, positive association was found between the benefit component of the HBM and prisoners not engaging in HIV high-risk behaviors. Conclusion: Educational harm reduction initiatives that promote the effectiveness of strategies designed to reduce the risk of HIV transmission may decrease prisoners' high-risk behaviors. This finding provides initial support for the Iran prison system's current offering of HIV/AIDS harm reduction programming and suggests the need to offer increased education about the effectiveness of HIV prevention practices. © 2008 Eshrati et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 32
Uncontrolled Keywords: article; cross-sectional study; disease transmission; harm reduction; health behavior; Health Belief Model; health education; health hazard; health program; high risk behavior; human; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; infection risk; Iran; major clinical study; male; population research; prisoner; questionnaire; sexual behavior
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
Depositing User: Arezoo Ghasemi siani
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2020 10:07
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2020 10:07

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item