High prevalence of Clostridiodes diffiicle PCR ribotypes 001 and 126 in Iran

Baghani, A. and Mesdaghinia, A. and Kuijper, E.J. and Aliramezani, A. and Talebi, M. and Douraghi, M. (2020) High prevalence of Clostridiodes diffiicle PCR ribotypes 001 and 126 in Iran. Scientific Reports, 10 (1).

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Clostridium difficile is a leading causative agent of hospital-acquired and community-acquired diarrhea in human. This study aims to characterize the predominant C. difficile strains, RT001 and 126, circulating in Iranian hospitals in relation to resistant phenotypes, the antibiotic resistance genes, and their genetic relatedness. A total number of 735 faecal specimens were collected from patients suspected of CDI in Tehran hospitals. Typing and subtyping of the strains were performed using CE-PCR ribotyping and MLVA, respectively, followed by PCR assays for ARGs and indicators of Tns. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of five antibiotics were determined by MIC Test Strips. Among 65 strains recovered from CDI patients, RT001 (32.3) and RT126 (9.2) were found as the most frequent ribotypes, and 64 MLVA types were identified. Using MLVA, RT001 and RT126 were subtyped into 6 and 4 groups, respectively. The vanA, nim, tetM, gyrA, gyrB genes were detected in 24.6, 0, 89.2, 95.3, and 92.3 of the strains, respectively. The indicators of Tns including vanHAX, tndX, and int were found in 0, 3 and 29.2 of the strains, respectively. The most common amino acid (AA) alterations of GyrA and GyrB were related to substitutions of Thr82 � Val and Ser366 � Val, respectively. Resistance rate to metronidazole, vancomycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and moxifloxacin was 81.5, 30.7, 85, 79, and 74, respectively. This study, for the first time revealed the subtypes of circulating RT001 and RT126 in Iran. It is of importance that the majority of the strains belonging to RT001 were multidrug resistant (MDR). This study also pointed to the intra-hospital dissemination of the strains belonging to RT001 and RT126 for short and long periods, respectively, using MLVA. The most important resistance phenotypes observed in this study was vancomycin-resistant phenotypes. Resistance to metronidazole was also high and highlights the need to determine its resistance mechanisms in the future studies. © 2020, The Author(s).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2020 08:25
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2020 08:25
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/22973

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