Cytoprotective effects of antioxidant supplementation on mesenchymal stem cell therapy

Panahi, M. and Rahimi, B. and Rahimi, G. and Yew Low, T. and Saraygord-Afshari, N. and Alizadeh, E. (2020) Cytoprotective effects of antioxidant supplementation on mesenchymal stem cell therapy. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 235 (10). pp. 6462-6495.

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are earmarked as perfect candidates for cell therapy and tissue engineering due to their capacity to differentiate into different cell types. However, their potential for application in regenerative medicine declines when the levels of the reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) increase from the physiological levels, a phenomenon which is at least inevitable in ex vivo cultures and air-exposed damaged tissues. Increased levels of RONS can alter the patterns of osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation and inhibit proliferation, as well. Besides, oxidative stress enhances senescence and cell death, thus lowering the success rates of the MSC engraftment. Hence, in this review, we have selected some representatives of antioxidants and newly emerged nano antioxidants in three main categories, including chemical compounds, biometabolites, and protein precursors/proteins, which are proved to be effective in the treatment of MSCs. We will focus on how antioxidants can be applied to optimize the clinical usage of the MSCs and their associated signaling pathways. We have also reviewed several paralleled properties of some antioxidants and nano antioxidants which can be simultaneously used in real-time imaging, scaffolding techniques, and other applications in addition to their primary antioxidative function. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Subjects: QU Biochemistry. Cell Biology and Genetics
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2020 06:36
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2020 06:36

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