Global burden of childhood epilepsy, intellectual disability, and sensory impairments

Olusanya, B.O. and Wright, S.M. and Nair, M.K.C. and Boo, N.-Y. and Halpern, R. and Kuper, H. and Abubakar, A.A. and Almasri, N.A. and Arabloo, J. and Arora, N.K. and Backhaus, S. and Berman, B.D. and Breinbauer, C. and Carr, G. and de Vries, P.J. and del Castillo-Hegyi, C. and Eftekhari, A. and Gladstone, M.J. and Hoekstra, R.A. and Kancherla, V. and Mulaudzi, M.C. and Kakooza-Mwesige, A. and Ogbo, F.A. and Olsen, H.E. and Olusanya, J.O. and Pandey, A. and Samms-Vaughan, M.E. and Servili, C. and Shaheen, A. and Smythe, T. and Wertlieb, D. and Williams, A.N. and Newton, C.R.J. and Davis, A.C. and Kassebaum, N.J. (2020) Global burden of childhood epilepsy, intellectual disability, and sensory impairments. Pediatrics, 146 (1).


Download (4MB) | Preview
Official URL:


BACKGROUND: Estimates of children and adolescents with disabilities worldwide are needed to inform global intervention under the disability-inclusive provisions of the Sustainable Development Goals. We sought to update the most widely reported estimate of 93 million children,15 years with disabilities from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2004. METHODS: We analyzed Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 data on the prevalence of childhood epilepsy, intellectual disability, and vision or hearing loss and on years lived with disability (YLD) derived from systematic reviews, health surveys, hospital and claims databases, cohort studies, and disease-specific registries. Point estimates of the prevalence and YLD and the 95 uncertainty intervals (UIs) around the estimates were assessed. RESULTS: Globally, 291.2 million (11.2) of the 2.6 billion children and adolescents (95 UI: 249.9�335.4 million) were estimated to have 1 of the 4 specified disabilities in 2017. The prevalence of these disabilities increased with age from 6.1 among children aged,1 year to 13.9 among adolescents aged 15 to 19 years. A total of 275.2 million (94.5) lived in low- and middle-income countries, predominantly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. The top 10 countries accounted for 62.3 of all children and adolescents with disabilities. These disabilities accounted for 28.9 million YLD or 19.9 of the overall 145.3 million (95 UI: 106.9�189.7) YLD from all causes among children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The number of children and adolescents with these 4 disabilities is far higher than the 2004 estimate, increases from infancy to adolescence, and accounts for a substantial proportion of all-cause YLD. Copyright © 2020 by the American Academy of Pediatrics

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescence; benign childhood epilepsy; causal attribution; data base; disease burden; disease duration; disease registry; health survey; hearing impairment; human; intellectual impairment; low income country; middle income country; prevalence; priority journal; Review; sensory dysfunction; systematic review; visual impairment
Subjects: WL Nervous System
WS Pediatrics
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2020 06:41
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2020 06:41

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item