Effects of fasting on peripapillary capillary density, peripapillary nerve fiber layer, intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness

Nilforushan, N. and Abolfathzadeh, N. and Banifatemi, M. and Miraftabi, A. and Sardarinia, M. and Alemzadeh, S.A. and Nilforushan, A. (2020) Effects of fasting on peripapillary capillary density, peripapillary nerve fiber layer, intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness. International Ophthalmology, 40 (6). pp. 1439-1447.

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Purpose: To investigate the effects of fasting on intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) density and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness during Islamic fasting month of Ramadan. Methods: Twenty-seven healthy fasting volunteers were enrolled. All subjects underwent full ophthalmic examination and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) of both eyes. All measurements were recorded first in the morning (8:00�10:00 a.m.) and then in the evening (4:00�6:00 p.m.). The first visit was performed during the second and third week of Ramadan and then two months later in a nonfasting routine day. Results: Mean age of participants was 40.07 ± 9.29 years. A significant decrease was found for evening IOP (11.17 ± 2.29 mmHg) in comparison with morning IOP (12.00 ± 2.28) (p = 0.00) only on fasting days. A decrease was observed for CCT both on fasting (6 μm) and nonfasting days (3 μm) (p = 0.00 and p = 0.02, respectively) in the evening. There was a significant increase in whole and peripapillary RPC density () on fasting days (48.79 ± 3.08 morning, 49.72 ± 2.85 evening for whole and 50.57 ± 4.06 morning, 51.64 ± 3.71 evening for peripapillary) (p = 0.00). Average RNFL thickness was decreased from morning to evening both on fasting days (0.80 μm) and nonfasting days (1.25 μm) (p = 0.00). Optic nerve head (ONH) vertical cup/disc (C/D) ratio was greater on fasting days (0.30 ± 0.25 morning, 0.31 ± 0.24 evening) in comparison with nonfasting days (0.27 ± 0.25 morning, 0.28 ± 0.25 evening) (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Fasting decreases the IOP and CCT in healthy subjects. OCTA revealed significant difference in RPC vessel density, RNFL thickness and ONH vertical C/D ratio during fasting hours in comparison with nonfasting days. © 2020, Springer Nature B.V.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; aged; Article; capillary density; central corneal thickness; clinical article; eye examination; female; human; hydration; intraocular pressure; Islam; male; multicenter study; non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; observational study; optic nerve; optical coherence tomography angiography; peripapillary capillary density; prospective study; Ramadan fasting; retinal nerve fiber layer thickness; thyroid disease; vertical cup disc ratio; visual system parameters
Subjects: WK Endocrine System
WW Ophthalmology
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2020 09:36
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2020 09:36
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/23436

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