Effects of thylakoid intake on appetite and weight loss: a systematic review

Amirinejad, A. and Heshmati, J. and Shidfar, F. (2020) Effects of thylakoid intake on appetite and weight loss: a systematic review. Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, 19 (1). pp. 565-573.

Effects of thylakoid intake on appetite and weight loss a systematic review.pdf

Download (574kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....


Background: Previous studies have shown thylakoids, the membrane proteins which are extracted from green leaves like spinach, can induce satiety through homeostatic and non-homeostatic pathways. In this study, we reviewed the current human literature on thylakoids� characteristics and their relationship to satiety regulation and weight loss. Methods: A systematic search of literature published between January 1990 and May 2019 was conducted on the electronic databases; including WEB OF SCIENCE, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Scopus, and EMBASE databases. We included all clinical trials that addressed the effects of thylakoids or chloroplast intake on satiety and weight loss. Results: After excluding non-human studies, non-RCTs, duplications, studies with irrelevant data and interventions, eight studies were included in the qualitative synthesis. All studies supported this hypothesis that thylakoids reduce the feeling of hunger by increasing postprandial cholecystokinin and leptin and decreasing serum ghrelin, but the consequences of thylakoid intake on anthropometric characteristics were controversial. Conclusion: In conclusion, our results may approve this postulation that receiving a thylakoid-enriched meal can decrease appetite and probably food intake in short term; however, more studies are needed to explore the effects of long term supplementation with thylakoids on weight loss in human subjects. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: cholecystokinin; ghrelin; glucagon like peptide 1; glucose; insulin; leptin; thylakoid membrane protein, adverse event; anthropometry; body weight loss; chloroplast; decreased appetite; diet supplementation; diet therapy; dietary intake; food intake; glucose blood level; hormone blood level; human; hunger; long term care; meal; protein blood level; qualitative analysis; quality control; Review; satiety; systematic review
Subjects: WA Public Health
WD Disorders of Systemic, Metabolic or Environmental Origin, etc.
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2020 06:53
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2020 09:38
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/23479

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item