MicroRNAs and exosomes: key players in HIV pathogenesis

Sadri Nahand, J. and Bokharaei-Salim, F. and Karimzadeh, M. and Moghoofei, M. and Karampoor, S. and Mirzaei, H.R. and Tabibzadeh, A. and Jafari, A. and Ghaderi, A. and Asemi, Z. and Mirzaei, H. and Hamblin, M.R. (2020) MicroRNAs and exosomes: key players in HIV pathogenesis. HIV Medicine, 21 (4). pp. 246-278.

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Abstract

Objectives: HIV infection is well known to cause impairment of the human immune system, and until recently was a leading cause of death. It has been shown that T lymphocytes are the main targets of HIV. The virus inactivates T lymphocytes by interfering with a wide range of cellular and molecular targets, leading to suppression of the immune system. The objective of this review is to investigate to what extent microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in HIV pathogenesis. Methods: The scientific literature (Pubmed and Google scholar) for the period 1988�2019 was searched. Results: Mounting evidence has revealed that miRNAs are involved in viral replication and immune response, whether by direct targeting of viral transcripts or through indirect modulation of virus-related host pathways. In addition, exosomes have been found to act as nanoscale carriers involved in HIV pathogenesis. These nanovehicles target their cargos (i.e. DNA, RNA, viral proteins and miRNAs) leading to alteration of the behaviour of recipient cells. Conclusions: miRNAs and exosomes are important players in HIV pathogenesis. Additionally, there are potential diagnostic applications of miRNAs as biomarkers in HIV infection. © 2019 British HIV Association

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 7
Uncontrolled Keywords: genomic DNA; microRNA; untranslated RNA; viral protein; virus RNA, antiretroviral therapy; CD4 lymphocyte count; exosome; human; Human immunodeficiency virus; Human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection; Human immunodeficiency virus infected patient; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; nonhuman; priority journal; prognosis; Review; RNA processing; virus carrier; virus cell interaction; virus load; virus pathogenesis; virus replication; virus transmission
Subjects: WH Hemic and Lymphatic Systems
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2020 07:41
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2020 07:41
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/23844

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