The effect of physical activity on bone density in military personnel

Garakani, I.M. and Moghaddam, F.R. and Azma, K. and Kamalifard, M. and Kouchakali, M. (2016) The effect of physical activity on bone density in military personnel. Turk Osteoporoz Dergisi, 22 (3). pp. 132-136.


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Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of life style factors including physical activity, calcium intake, and smoking on bone mineral density (BMD). Materials and Methods: From January 2012 to May 2013, calcaneal BMD of 335 male military personnel (aged between 35-55 years) in two equal separate groups; operative (active field soldiers) and non-operative (official army staff) were evaluated with dual X-ray and laser Calscan. Information about lifestyle factors including smoking, calcium intake and physical activity were collected through a questionnaire. Operative personnel had daily regular physical activity. Operatives were compared with non-operative personnel who did not perform the regular active field training maneuvers. Results: The mean age of participant was 44.7±0.5 years and all were male. The rate of osteopenia and osteoporosis was lower in operative group than in non-operative group. Linear regression revealed that BMD is significantly associated with job (p<0.001), age (p<0.001), smoking (p<0.01), calcium intake (p<0.05), and years of physical activity (p<0.001). Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, years of regular physical activity and mechanical loading were the strongest predictors of calcaneus BMD. © Copyright 2016 by Turkish Osteoporosis Society Turkish Journal of Osteoporosis published by Galenos Yayinevi.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal System
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2018 07:58
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2019 09:56

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