Demographic factors, social capital, and cigarette smoking: a large cross-sectional study in Tehran, Iran

Hassanzadeh, J. and Asadi-Lari, M. and Ghaem, H. and Kassani, A. and Rezaianzadeh, A. (2016) Demographic factors, social capital, and cigarette smoking: a large cross-sectional study in Tehran, Iran. Journal of Substance Use, 21 (6). pp. 581-586.

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Objective: Cigarette smoking is a worldwide public health concern, due to its long- and short-term harmful effects. Social capital can be considered as a potential strategy to prevent smoking, and can help to identify those at high risk of smoking. Therefore, the present study investigated the association between demographic factors, social capital, and self-reported cigarette-smoking status in residents of Tehran, Iran. Methods: In a large cross-sectional population-based study, 31,434 residents aged 20 years and above were selected through a multi-stage sampling method from 22 districts of Tehran in 2011. The smoking status and social capital were measured via self-administered questionnaires. Data analysis was conducted via descriptive statistics, t-test, chi square, and logistic regression, using Stata-SE11 software. Results: In a total of 31,434 participants, the prevalence of smoking was reported at 6.56 (CI 95 = 6.28�6.84). The components of social capital including individual trust (OR = 0.72; CI 95 = 0.55�0.89), cohesion/social support (OR = 0.74; CI 95 = 0.52�0.90), and social trust/associative relationships (OR = 0.81; CI 95 = 0.69�0.96) had significant relationships with smoking status such that their means were higher in the nonsmokers than in the smokers. In addition, age (OR = 0.96; CI 95 = 0.95�0.97), gender (OR = 6.97; CI 95 = 5.74�8.47), house ownership (OR = 0.72; CI 95 = 0.65�0.81), job status(OR = 4.01; CI 95 = 2.59�6.19), marital status (OR = 1.66; CI 95 = 1.30�2.13), and educational levels (OR = 0.71; CI 95 = 0.61�0.84) had a direct association with smoking status. Conclusions: Social capital and its components were positively associated with smoking status. These results suggest that social capital, as measured by individual trust, cohesion/social support, and social trust/associative relationships, can be an important way for individuals to attain good health and reduce cigarette smoking. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2018 04:01
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2018 04:01

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