Quadriceps architecture in individuals with patellofemoral pain: A systematic review

Ashnagar, Z. and Hadian, M.-R. and Sajjadi, E. and Kajbafvala, M. and Olyaei, G. and Pashazadeh, F. and Rezasoltani, A. (2021) Quadriceps architecture in individuals with patellofemoral pain: A systematic review. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 25. pp. 248-254.

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Objectives: To identify differences in architectural parameters (size, fiber/pennation angle, fiber length, and echogenicity) of the quadriceps muscle, as a whole or any individual part of it, using imaging techniques in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP) compared to contralateral, asymptomatic limb or separate control group. Background: Quadriceps muscles imbalance and weakness were proposed as risk factors for developing PFP. Although the muscle architecture (size, pennation/fiber angle and fiber length) is highly associated with skeletal muscle strength, it is not clear whether atrophy or any changes in architectural parameters of the quadriceps are presented in the PFP patients. Methods: Observational studies in which the total size of the quadriceps or individual parts of it were measured using imaging techniques in the PFP patients were included in this review. Electronic databases (PubMed, SCOPUS, PEDro, CINAHL, WOS, and EMBASE) were searched between January 1990 and December 2019 with no restriction of language. Study selection and data extraction and quality assessment were conducted by two independent reviewers. Results: Five cross-sectional studies were eligible to include in this review. Three out of five included studies that assessed the total size of the quadriceps and reported no significant differences between the PFP and healthy control group. Two out of five of the studies assessed the total size of the quadriceps between the symptomatic and asymptomatic limb of the PFP patients and reported the statistical difference between limbs. Only one study measured the fiber angle of the VMO muscle at the patella. Controversial results were found between studies that assessed the size of individual parts of the quadriceps. Conclusion: Due to the controversial results of the included studies, this systematic review failed to draw a conclusion on the role of quadriceps atrophy in PFP pathology. The limitation in PFP literature considering pennation/fiber angle, echogenicity and fiber length of individual parts of the quadriceps muscle, rises the need for research that focuses on the biomechanical properties of the quadriceps in PFP patients. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal System
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 03:43
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 03:43
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/33344

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