The effect of microRNA-375 overexpression, an inhibitor of Helicobacter pylori-induced carcinogenesis, on lncRNA SOX2OT

Shafiee, M. and Aleyasin, S.A. and Mowla, S.J. and Vasei, M. and Yazdanparast, S.A. (2016) The effect of microRNA-375 overexpression, an inhibitor of Helicobacter pylori-induced carcinogenesis, on lncRNA SOX2OT. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, 9 (9).

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Background: Helicobacter pylori is a major human pathogenic bacterium in gastric mucosa. Although the association between gastric cancer and H. pylori has been well-established, the molecular mechanisms underlying H. pylori-induced carcinogenesis are still under investigation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that modulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. Recently, studies have revealed that miRNAs are involved in immune response and host cell response to bacteria. Also, microRNA-375 (miR-375) is a key regulator of epithelial properties that are necessary for securing epithelium-immune system crosstalk. It has been recently reported that miR-375 acts as an inhibitor of H. pylori-induced gastric carcinogenesis. There are few reports on miRNA-mediated targeting long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Objectives: This study aimed to examine the possible effect of miR-375 as an inhibitor of H. pylori-induced carcinogenesis on the expression of lncRNA SOX2 overlapping transcript (SOX2OT) and SOX2, a master regulator of pluripotency of cancer stem cells. Materials and Methods: In a model cell line, NT-2 was transfected with the constructed expression vector pEGFP-C1 contained miR- 375. TheRNAisolationsandcDNAsynthesis were performed after 48 hours of transformation. Expression of miR-375andSOX2OTand SOX2 were quantified using real-time polymerase chain reaction and compared with control cells transfected with pEGFP-C1-Mock clone. Cell cycle modification was also compared after transfections using the flow cytometry analysis. Results: Following ectopic expression of miR-375, SOX2OT and SOX2 expression analysis revealed a significant decrease in their expression level (P < 0.05) in NT-2 cells compared to the control. Cell cycle analysis following ectopic expression of miR-375 in the NT-2 cells using propidium iodine staining revealed significant extension in sub-G1 cell cycle. Conclusions: This is the first report to show down-regulation of SOX2OT and SOX2 following induced expression of miR-375. This findingmaysuggest expression regulation potential between different classes of ncRNAs, for example between miR-375andSOX2OT. This data not only extends our understanding of possible ncRNA interactions in cancers but also may open novel investigation lines towards elucidation of molecular mechanisms controlling H. pylori inflammation and carcinogenesis. � 2016, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.

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Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2018 08:41
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2018 08:41

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