Pretreatment with berberine protects against cisplatin-induced renal injury in male Wistar rats

Allameh, H. and Fatemi, I. and Malayeri, A.R. and Nesari, A. and Mehrzadi, S. and Goudarzi, M. (2020) Pretreatment with berberine protects against cisplatin-induced renal injury in male Wistar rats. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology, 393 (10). pp. 1825-1833.

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Berberine (BBR), an isoquinoline alkaloid, has been reported to be an antioxidant agent. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of BBR against nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin (Cis) in male rats. In this experimental study, 28 Wistar male rats were randomly divided into four groups. Rats were pretreated with BBR (100 mg/kg/day, p.o.) for 7 consecutive days and Cis (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.) was administrated on the 7th day, 1 h after the last dose of BBR. Blood samples were collected to determine blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) levels. Malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), protein carbonyl (PC), and nitric oxide (NO) levels and the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were assessed in the left renal tissue. Also, the mRNA expression of SOD2 and PGx1 was measured in the left renal tissue. The right kidney was used for histopathological evaluation. Our results revealed that the levels of Cr, BUN, MDA, NO, and PC and the MPO activity increased by Cis administration. Also, we found that Cis decreased renal GSH level and SOD, GPx, and CAT activities. Pretreatment with BBR for 7 consecutive days significantly attenuated the Cis-induced nephrotoxicity via increasing the antioxidant capacity and reducing the oxidative stress indices in the renal tissue. Moreover, the renoprotective effect of BBR was confirmed by the histopathological evaluation of the kidneys. Our results indicated that BBR has produced amelioration in biochemical indices and oxidative stress parameters against Cis-induced nephrotoxicity. © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: berberine; carbonyl derivative; catalase; cisplatin; creatinine; glutathione; glutathione peroxidase 1; malonaldehyde; manganese superoxide dismutase; messenger RNA; myeloperoxidase; nitric oxide; protein carbonyl; unclassified drug, animal experiment; animal model; animal tissue; antioxidant activity; Article; controlled study; creatinine blood level; drug efficacy; drug mechanism; enzyme activity; histopathology; kidney function; kidney injury; kidney tissue; lipid peroxidation; male; mRNA expression level; nephrotoxicity; nonhuman; oxidative stress; protein carbonylation; rat; renal protection; urea nitrogen blood level; Wistar rat
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QV Pharmacology
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 06:01
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 06:01

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