Alteration of spermatogenesis following spermatogonial stem cells transplantation in testicular torsion-detorsion mice

Azizollahi, S. and Aflatoonian, R. and Sadighi Gilani, M.A. and Behnam, B. and Tajik, N. and Asghari-Jafarabadi, M. and Asgari, H.R. and Koruji, M. (2016) Alteration of spermatogenesis following spermatogonial stem cells transplantation in testicular torsion-detorsion mice. Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 33 (6). pp. 771-781.

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Purpose: Testicular ischemia is the main consequence of testicular torsion, in both clinical and experimental aspects. Preservation and auto-transplantation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) could be a new treatment for infertility in testicular ischemia following testicular torsion. Methods: To apply the idea in this study, animals were randomly divided into four groups of control, sham, with torsion, and with torsion followed by transplantation (TT). Isolated SSCs from neonatal mice were cultured and identified by flow cytometry (C-KIT�, INTEGRIN β1 +) and RT-PCR (Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) for specific spermatogonial cell markers (Oct4, Gfrα-1, Plzf, Vasa, Itgα6, and Itgβ1). SSCs were transplanted upon a 2-h testicular torsion in the TT group. Cultured cells were transplanted into ischemia reperfusion testicle 2 weeks post-testicular torsion. Eight weeks after SSCs transplantation, the SSCs-transplanted testes and epididymis were removed for sperm analysis, weight and histopathological evaluation, and pre- and post-meiotic gene expression assessment by qRT-PCR. Results: Our findings indicated that all evaluated parameters (epididymal sperm profile, Johnsen score, Plzf, Gfrα-1, Scp-1, Tekt-1 expressions, and histopathological profile) were significantly decreased following testicular torsion (group 3) when compared to the control group (p � 0.05). However, all abovementioned parameters showed a significant increase/improvement in torsion-transplantation group compared to torsion group. However, these parameters in the TT group were significantly lower in the sham and control groups (p � 0.05). Conclusion: SSCs transplantation could up-regulate the expression of pre- and post-meiotic genes in testicular ischemia, which resulted in improvement of both testicular function and structure after testicular torsion. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 10:03
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2018 10:03

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