Interesting probiotic traits of mother's milk Lactobacillus isolates; from bacteriocin to inflammatory bowel disease improvement

Abdi, M. and Lohrasbi, V. and Asadi, A. and Esghaei, M. and Jazi, F.M. and Rohani, M. and Talebi, M. (2021) Interesting probiotic traits of mother's milk Lactobacillus isolates; from bacteriocin to inflammatory bowel disease improvement. Microbial Pathogenesis, 158.

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Aims and background: Lactobacillus spp. are an important element in breast milk. This component has a beneficial effect on the composition of the intestinal microflora and the intestinal immune system. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify Lactobacillus strains in breast milk and evaluate some of their probiotic properties, such as presence of bacteriocin genes, adhesion to HT-29 cell line, competition with enteropathogens in cell culture, and effect on serum level of lipids and digestive enzymes, and mice model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Materials and methods: A total of 323 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from breast milk samples of healthy mothers with the age ranges from 21 to 45 years old. These isolates were subjected to phenotypic and molecular experiments. The frequency of bacteriocin genes was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Adhesion of Lactobacillus isolates to HT-29 cells was measured based on the number of attached bacterial cells in 20 fields of the light microscopy. Competition test was done by colony count and real-time PCR procedures. Five strongly adhesive Lactobacillus strains were selected and administered orally to the treatment groups. After 8 days, the serum level of digestive enzymes and improvement in induced IBD, and after 14 days, the serum level of lipids (triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL, and LDL) in treated mice were surveyed compared to the control groups. Results: Based on the phenotypic and molecular experiments, L. casei, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus, and L. acidophilus strains were isolated and identified in the breast milk samples. The highest frequency of bacteriocin genes belonged to Plantaricin B (100), followed by Plantaricin D (84.7), Plantaricin G (84.7), and Plantaricin EF (54.3). Also, 71.8 of the isolates were strongly adhesive, 21.8 were non-adhesive, and 6.4 were adhesive. Lactobacillus strains had a significant effect on the displacement of enteropathogens. The in vitro cholesterol-removing ability of L. casei (L1), L. casei (L2), L. casei (L3), L. plantarum (L4), and L. rhamnosus (L5) was 3.5, 31.5, 21.3, 18.7, and 27.3, respectively. The serum level of total cholesterol in the L. plantarum (L4) group as well as LDL in the L. casei (L3) (p =.0108) and L. rhamnosus (L5) (p =.0206) groups decreased significantly compared to the control group. The serum level of lipase increased in all the treatment groups compared to the control group, which was significant in the L. plantarum (L4) group (p =.0390). Disease activity index (DAI) scores were improved significantly in L. casei (L3) group compared to the IBD control group (p <.0001). Conclusion: It could be concluded that lactobacilli strains isolated from the breast milk samples had good probiotic properties, such as presence of bacteriocin genes, attaching to enterocyte-like HT-29 cells, competing with intestinal pathogens, lowering cholesterol, and improving IBD. Thus, after further studies, they could be considered as probiotic strains. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

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Uncontrolled Keywords: bacteriocin; cholesterol; high density lipoprotein cholesterol; low density lipoprotein cholesterol; plantaricin B; plantaricin D; plantaricin EF; plantaricin G; probiotic agent; triacylglycerol; triacylglycerol lipase; unclassified drug, adult; animal experiment; animal model; Article; bacterial cell; bacterial count; bacterium identification; bacterium isolate; bacterium isolation; breast milk; cell adhesion; cell culture; cholesterol blood level; controlled study; disease activity score; enteropathogen; enzyme blood level; female; gene frequency; gene identification; genetic association; high density lipoprotein cholesterol level; HT-29-Luc cell line; human; human cell; in vitro study; inflammatory bowel disease; intestine cell; Lactobacillus; Lactobacillus acidophilus; Lactobacillus casei; Lactobacillus plantarum; Lactobacillus rhamnosus; lipid blood level; low density lipoprotein cholesterol level; male; microscopy; molecular pathology; mouse; nonhuman; phenotype; real time polymerase chain reaction; triacylglycerol blood level
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine
WI Digestive System
WS Pediatrics
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2021 06:23
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2021 06:23

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