Current and Future Challenges of Radiation Oncology in Iran: A Report from the Iranian Society of Clinical Oncology

Ameri, A. and Barzegartahamtan, M. and Ghavamnasiri, M. and Mohammadpour, R. and Dehghan, H. and Sebzari, A. and Novin, K. and Aloosh, M. (2018) Current and Future Challenges of Radiation Oncology in Iran: A Report from the Iranian Society of Clinical Oncology. Clinical Oncology, 30 (4). pp. 262-268.

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Aims: Growth of the cancer incidence rate in Iran has been very high in recent years. Therefore, the Iranian health care system should be prepared for the treatment of a huge number of patients in the foreseeable future. One of the most important treatment options for cancer is radiation. However, there is no comprehensive information on infrastructure for radiation oncology in this country. Materials and methods: In 2015, a questionnaire was designed by the Iranian Society of Clinical Oncology (ISCO) and all radiation oncology centres in the country were visited to determine four important components of radiation oncology services, including facilities, equipment, personnel and patients. Results: In 2015, 94 radiotherapy centres were identified in Iran. Sixty-one centres were fully operational, six centres were commissioning, 26 centres were under construction and one was inactive. Among the fully operational radiotherapy centres, 54 offered three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and two-dimensional radiotherapy, eight offered brachytherapy, two intensity-modulated radiotherapy, two intraoperative radiotherapy, ostereotactic radiosurgery, two hyperthermia and 59 chemotherapy. Moreover, the survey identified 110 linear accelerators, 25 cobalt-60, one gamma knife, 21 remote brachytherapy afterloaders and six orthovoltage units. Treatment planning equipment included 15 graphy simulators, 19 dedicated computed tomography simulators, 22 multileaf collimator and 12 electronic portal imaging devices. Moreover, in 2015, 243 clinical oncologists participated in the treatment of 42 350 cancer patients in need of radiotherapy, which is about one radiation oncologist for 175 patients. During 2010�2015, number of cobalt-60 reduced 70, from 25 units to 8 units. Conclusions: There is a significant gap between Iran's available facilities for radiation therapy and international standards. Moreover, during international economic sanctions against Iran this gap widened. © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists

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Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2018 05:01
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2018 09:40

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