A review of the etiology, diagnosis and management of halitosis

Anbardan, S.J. and Azizi, Z. and Daryani, N.E. (2015) A review of the etiology, diagnosis and management of halitosis. Govaresh, 20 (1). pp. 49-56.

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Halitosis generally refers to the unpleasant odor of breath irrespective of its origin. Oral malodour could result in diverse problems in daily life such as social embarrassment and can adversely affect individuals' social interactions. Though many oral and non-oral sources could give rise to halitosis, it was mainly associated with oral cavity conditions and volatile sulfur compounds -produced by microbial activity- were the main elements of oral malodor. Objective measurement was the first step in assessment to determine presence of malodour. Then, taken a complete history including diet and habit history and performing a comprehensive physical examination contribute to the primary two steps for evaluating a patient complaining. The oral malodor management was mainly achieved by determining and eliminating the etiology of the condition. A major step in this regard was improving the oral health by means of establishing appropriate oral hygiene measures and controlling tongue flora by brushing or scraping and also, use of antiseptics as adjuvant therapy. Current article was systematic reviews the literature on prevalence, classification, diagnosis and treatment of halitosis. © 2015, Iranian Association of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2018 08:14
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2018 08:14
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/5311

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