Estimating the life expectancy using multiple decrement life tables in Tehran - 2010 abstract

Mokhayeri, Y. and Haghdoost, A.A. and Mahmoudi, M. and Asadi-Lari, M. and Hashemi Nazari, S.S. and Taravat Manesh, S. and Rajaie, N. and Khorrami, Z. and Holakouie-Naieni, K. (2015) Estimating the life expectancy using multiple decrement life tables in Tehran - 2010 abstract. Iranian Journal of Epidemiology, 11 (2). pp. 61-68.

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Background & Objectives: Measuring the impact of various diseases on Life Expectancy(LE) is an important step toward prioritization in health. The present study was conducted to measure the impact of heart diseases, neoplasm, and respiratory diseases on life expectancy (LE) in 2010. Methods: Data on death and population for all 22 districts of Tehran were obtained from the main cemetery of Tehran and statistical center of Iran, respectively. Age-specific mortality rates and consequently LE were calculated for all 22 districts and both genders. Finally, the death probability assuming complete elimination of the diseases was calculated and the resulting life tables were obtained. Results: The LE at birth was estimated 74.6 and 78.4 years for total males and females in Tehran, respectively. The maximum and minimum LE at birth was 80 years in females and 72.7 years in males, respectively. Assuming complete elimination of heart diseases, the LE increased to 82.39 and 85.51 years in males and females, respectively while complete elimination of neoplasm resulted in an increase in LE to 76.27 years in men and 80.49 years in women. Finally, elimination of respiratory diseases increased the LE of men to 75.98 years and the LE of women to 79.97 years. Conclusion: The results indicated the high impact of the diseases on LE, especially the heart diseases. As a main result, LE will upgrade to more focus on this category. © 2015, Iranian Epidemiological Association. All rights received.

Item Type: Article
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Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2018 07:07
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2018 07:07

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