Complex genetic background in a large family with Brugada syndrome

Saber, S. and Amarouch, M.-Y. and Fazelifar, A.-F. and Haghjoo, M. and Emkanjoo, Z. and Alizadeh, A. and Houshmand, M. and Gavrilenko, A.V. and Abriel, H. and Zaklyazminskaya, E.V. (2015) Complex genetic background in a large family with Brugada syndrome. Physiological Reports, 3 (1). pp. 1-7.

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The Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited arrhythmia characterized by ST-segment elevation in V1-V3 leads and negative T wave on standard ECG. BrS patients are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to ventricular tachyarrhythmia. At least 17 genes have been proposed to be linked to BrS, although recent findings suggested a polygenic background. Mutations in SCN5A, the gene coding for the cardiac sodium channel Nav1.5, have been found in 15-30 of index cases. Here, we present the results of clinical, genetic, and expression studies of a large Iranian family with BrS carrying a novel genetic variant (p.P1506S) in SCN5A. By performing whole-cell patchclamp experiments using HEK293 cells expressing wild-type (WT) or p.P1506S Nav1.5 channels, hyperpolarizing shift of the availability curve, depolarizing shift of the activation curve, and hastening of the fast inactivation process were observed. These mutant-induced alterations lead to a loss of function of Nav1.5 and thus suggest that the p.P1506S variant is pathogenic. In addition, cascade familial screening found a family member with BrS who did not carry the p.P1506S mutation. Additional next generation sequencing analyses revealed the p.R25W mutation in KCNH2 gene in SCN5A-negative BrS patients. These findings illustrate the complex genetic background of BrS found in this family and the possible pathogenic role of a new SCN5A genetic variant. © 2015 The Authors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 3
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
QZ Pathology
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2018 05:10
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2020 10:04

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