Natural lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia) exerts cardioprotective effects against myocardial infarction by targeting inflammation and oxidative stress

Souri, F. and Rakhshan, K. and Erfani, S. and Azizi, Y. and Nasseri Maleki, S. and Aboutaleb, N. (2018) Natural lavender oil (Lavandula angustifolia) exerts cardioprotective effects against myocardial infarction by targeting inflammation and oxidative stress. Inflammopharmacology.

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Abstract

Background: The study was conducted to examine therapeutic effects of lavender oil (LO) against myocardial infarction (MI) and its potential mechanisms. Methods: A rat model of MI was established and LO (100, 200 and 300 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally administrated immediately after ischemia. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of LO were evaluated by immunohistochemical assay and measurement of SOD, GSH, and MDA. The myocardial injury markers, apoptotic activity and infarct volume were examined by ELISA, TUNEL and TTC staining, respectively. Results: Compared with the control I/R-Vehicle, the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) significantly reduced 8 h after reperfusion and expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) elevated 48 h after reperfusion in LO-treated rats (P < 0.05). Likewise, significant decreases in apoptotic activity, infarct volume and significant restoration of antioxidant endogenous defenses were observed in LO-treated rats (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Collectively, these findings confirm that LO can be a good candidate to reduce injury after MI. © 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0; Article in Press
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2018 12:26
Last Modified: 14 Aug 2019 05:07
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7166

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