Cost-effectiveness of homograft heart valve replacement surgery: An introductory study

Yaghoubi, M. and Aghayan, H.R. and Arjmand, B. and Emami-Razavi, S.H. (2011) Cost-effectiveness of homograft heart valve replacement surgery: An introductory study. Cell and Tissue Banking, 12 (2). pp. 153-158.

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The clinical effectiveness of heart valve replacement surgery has been well documented. Mechanical and homograft valves are used routinely for replacement of damaged heart valves. Homograft valves are produced in our country but we import the mechanical valves. To our knowledge the cost-effectiveness of homograft valve has not been assessed. The objective of the present study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of homograft valve replacement with mechanical valve replacement surgery. Our samples were selected from 200 patients that underwent homograft and mechanical heart valve replacement surgery in Imam-Khomeini hospital (2000-2005). In each group we enrolled 30 patients. Quality of life was measured using the SF-36 questionnaire and utility was measured in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). For each group we calculated the price of heart valve and hospitalization charges. Finally the cost-effectiveness of each treatment modalities were summarized as costs per QALYs gained. Forty male and twenty female participated in the study. The mean score of quality of life was 66.06 (SD = 9.22) in homograft group and 57.85 (SD = 11.30) in mechanical group (P < 0.05). The mean QALYs gained in homograft group was 0.67 more than mechanical group. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) revealed a cost savings of 1,067 US for each QALY gained in homograft group. Despite limitation of this introductory study, we concluded that homograft valve replacement was more effective and less expensive than mechanical valve. These findings can encourage healthcare managers and policy makers to support the production of homograft valves and allocate more recourse for developing such activities. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; aged; allotransplantation; article; comparative study; cost benefit analysis; economics; female; heart valve; heart valve prosthesis; heart valve replacement; human; male; middle aged; quality of life; transplantation, Adult; Aged; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Female; Heart Valve Prosthesis; Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation; Heart Valves; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Quality of Life; Transplantation, Homologous; Young Adult
Subjects: WO Surgery
Depositing User: somayeh pourmorteza
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2019 11:21
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2019 11:21

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