Regional differences in cancer incidence trend in tehran, Iran: A contextual study on the effect of socioeconomic status at regional level

Rohani-Rasaf, M. and Rohani-Rasaf, M.R. and Asadi-Lari, M. and Hashemi Nazari, S.S. (2018) Regional differences in cancer incidence trend in tehran, Iran: A contextual study on the effect of socioeconomic status at regional level. International Journal of Cancer Management, 11 (1).

[img]
Preview
Text
Regional differences in cancer incidence trend in tehran, Iran A contextual study on the effect of socioeconomic status at regional level.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Background: Cancer is a major public health concern all over the world. The aim of the current study is to demonstrate changing trends of cancer incidence from 2006 to 2009 in Tehran (capital city of Iran) and evaluate the effect of living in different regions according to their median socioeconomic status (SES) on cancer cumulative incidence. Methods: The incident cases were obtainedfromthe population based cancer register of ministry of healthandmedicine in Iran; we examined the annual percent changes (APCs) and overall trends of total cancer incidence across regions in Tehran. The age and sex standardized incidence rates were computed by the direct method. Poisson regression and negative binominal regression model were used to assess the existence of trends across 4 consecutive years, as well as the effect of living in each region, literacy rate, and employment rate across regions on this trend. All the analyses were done by Stata 12.0 software. Results: The findings of this study showed downward and nonlinear trend during 4 years. The age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) was higher in men compared to women in this period. ASRs for overall 4 years were 114 and 101 per 10,0000 men and women, respectively. Average annual percent change based on ASR and regression model for each sex was the same and around -5 and -6, respectively. Incidence rate also differed between districts so that north and center districts had higher incidence than southern parts in both sexes. The lowest rate ratio attributed to district 17 and 18 located in south of Tehran and the highest rate ratio attributed to district 6 for each sex compared to the baseline district 16. Results reported the sharp increase of 59 and 37 in district 6 compared to district 16 in men and women, respectively. Better regional social status increased the risk of cancer among women. Also, the results showed a partially significant interaction with higher decrease in annual trend of cancer rate in socially more deprived regions. Conclusions: The results showeddownwardand nonlinear decreasing trend during 4 years, especially in regions with lower socioeconomic status. Incidence rate also differed between districts so that northern regions had higher incidence than southern regions. Spatio-temporal Analysis of these cancer rates with adjustment for more regional socio-economic characteristicsmaybetter explain the disparities in rate of cancer in different districts across time. © 2018, Cancer Research Center (CRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: QZ Pathology
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2018 04:06
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2020 11:29
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/905

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item