Left ventricle wall motion quantification from echocardiographic images by non-rigid image registration

Shalbaf, A. and Behnam, H. and Alizade-Sani, Z. and Shojaifard, M. (2012) Left ventricle wall motion quantification from echocardiographic images by non-rigid image registration. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 7 (5). pp. 769-783.

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Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of applying a new non-rigid image registration method on two-dimensional echocardiographic images for computing the left ventricle (LV) myocardial motion field over a cardiac cycle. Methods: The key feature of our method is to register all images in the sequence to a reference image (end-diastole image) using a hierarchical transformation model, which is a combination of an affine transformation for modeling the global LV motion and a free-form deformation (FFD) transformation based on B-splines for modeling the local LV deformation. Registration is done by minimizing a cost function associated with the image similarity based on a global pixel-based matching and the smoothness of transformation. The algorithm uses a fast and robust optimization strategy using a multiresolution approach for the estimation of parameters of the deformation model. The proposed algorithm is evaluated for calculating the displacement curves of two expert-identified anatomical landmarks in apical views of the LV for 10 healthy volunteers and 14 subjects with pathology. The proposed algorithm is also evaluated for classifying the regional LV wall motion abnormality using the calculation of the strain value at the end of systole in 288 segments as scored by two consensual experienced echocardiographers in a three-point scale: 1: normokinesia, 2: hypokinesia, and 3: akinesia. Moreover, we compared the results of the proposed registration algorithm to those previously obtained using the other image registration methods. Results: Regarding to the reference two experienced echocardiographers, the results demonstrate the proposed algorithm more accurately estimates the displacement curve of the two anatomical landmarks in apical views than the other registration methods in all data set. Moreover, the p values of the t test for the strain value of each segment at the end of systole measured by the proposed algorithm show higher differences than the other registration method. These differences are between each pair of scores in all segments and in three segments of septum independently. Conclusions: The clinical results show that the proposed algorithm can improve both the calculation of the displacement curve of every point of LV during a cardiac cycle and the classification of regional LV wall motion abnormality. Therefore, this diagnostic system can be used as a useful tool for clinical evaluation of the regional LV function. © 2012 CARS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 4
Uncontrolled Keywords: algorithm; anatomic landmark; article; clinical article; clinical evaluation; controlled study; heart cycle; heart left ventricle contraction; heart left ventricle enddiastolic volume; heart left ventricle wall motion; heart perfusion; human; hypokinesia; image quality; image reconstruction; ischemic heart disease; priority journal; quantitative study; right coronary artery; sensitivity and specificity; two dimensional echocardiography
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
Divisions: School of Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: parto mrs bakhtminoo
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2019 10:47
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2019 10:47
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9931

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