Hypoxia symptoms during altitude training in professional iranian fighter pilots

Alagha, B. and Ahmadbeigy, S. and Moosavi, S.A.J. and Jalali, S.M. (2012) Hypoxia symptoms during altitude training in professional iranian fighter pilots. Air Medical Journal, 31 (1). pp. 28-32.


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Susceptibility to hypoxia is influenced by a multitude of factors, including fatigue, physical activity, illnesses, ambient temperature, rate of ascent, destination altitude, medications, and alcohol. Anecdotally, several reports have been made regarding changes in the form of hypoxia presentation in Iranian fighter pilots in the absence of these factors. This study focused specifically on the effect of pilot age on susceptibility to hypoxia and its initial presentation. We assumed that a pilot's age may increase his susceptibility to hypoxia and consequently reduce the amount of time it takes for hypoxia to present. Because our literature review did not reveal any previous study addressing the possible relationship between age and susceptibility to hypoxia, the purpose of this study is to address and clarify this relationship. In this retrospective study, we collected information from Iranian fighter pilots (n 5) 03 through an anonymous questionnaire in 2000. The form of hypoxia presentation of each subject was evaluated during five altitude chamber training (ACT) sessions that were conducted routinely from 1972 to 1984. To enhance the accuracy of the study's results, confounding factors such as prior hypoxia experience in an ACT session have been taken into consideration. The results revealed a statistically significant relationship between age and a change in the form of hypoxia presentation in our subjects. Increased age reduced the amount of time before the first individual hypoxia symptom appeared (P<,.000002). Although having previous hypoxia experience may help pilots to recognize their symptoms earlier, its effect was not statistically significant (P<.18). A few changes in the nature of individual symptoms were observed; however, we did not find a meaningful statistical correlation between pilot age and change in the nature of symptoms. Susceptibility ot hypoxia increases with pilot age. © 2012 Air Medical Journal Associates.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult; airplane pilot; altitude; clinical article; confusion; cyanosis; euphoria; human; hypoxia; Iran; male; outcome assessment; paresthesia; priority journal; questionnaire; retrospective study; review; visual impairment, Adult; Aerospace Medicine; Aging; Altitude; Anoxia; Humans; Iran; Male; Military Personnel; Retrospective Studies; Young Adult
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
Divisions: School of Rehabilitation Sciences
Depositing User: parto mrs bakhtminoo
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2019 11:01
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2019 11:01
URI: http://eprints.iums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9939

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