The frequency of thromboembolic complications in pediatric nephrotic syndrome

Nejad, N.H. and Saboute, M. and Hosseini, R. and Tahoori, M. and Otukesh, H. (2019) The frequency of thromboembolic complications in pediatric nephrotic syndrome. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics, 10 (2).


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Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a common renal disease in the pediatric population, which can be complicated with venous thromboembolic events. Objectives: In the present study, the researchers evaluated the risk factors of venous thrombotic events in children with nephrotic syndrome. Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, the researchers evaluated 43 cases of NS including 35 uncomplicated and eight complicated patients with venous thrombotic events, who were admitted to the nephrology ward of Ali-Asghar Children Hospital from 2011 to 2015. Two groups were matched for age onset of NS. Data were recorded on age, gender, body mass index (BMI), histopathologic varieties of NS, and serum albumin level. Results: The mean age of cases with venous thrombotic events was 7.31 ± 4.1 years. There were six females. Of eight cases with venous thrombotic events, five cases suffered of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and five cases of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The mean serum albumin level in the thrombotic group was 1.87 ± 0.4 g/dL. The histopathologic results showed two cases of membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), three cases of minimal change disease (MCD) and one case of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The researchers found significant differences between mean serum albumin level and histopathologic results in the case and control groups. Conclusions: Venous thrombosis and pulmonary emboli are important complications in pediatric NS. The risk of VTE increases with lower serum albumin level. The risk of VTE increases with lower serum albumin level. The researchers suggest the use of anti-thrombotic agents as prophylaxis in nephrotic patients with serum albumin level of less than 2 g/dL. Copyright © 2019, Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
WS Pediatrics
Depositing User: eprints admin
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2020 06:05
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2020 06:05

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